Home > Animal health in the World
The dissemination of scientific and technical knowledge about animal diseases is one of the main missions of the OIE. For this reason, the OIE provides numerous information resources for Internet users on the major diseases raging through the animal kingdom, many of which are transmissible to humans, and the actions taken by the OIE to control and, in some cases, completely eradicate them.
This portal provides easy access to those resources.
Two types of animal disease information sheets are available on line at the OIE website:
Web portals have also been developed for specific diseases, enabling dedicated documents, links and information resources to be made available on line:
In May and June 2011, respectively, the OIE and FAO announced the eradication of rinderpest from the world. This announcement was a major event, because rinderpest is only the second disease to have been completely eradicated, after smallpox.
However, the risk of its re-emergence has not entirely been averted. Biological materials containing rinderpest virus, as well as live vaccines, are still held by a number of laboratories around the world. To destroy all remaining stocks of the virus, or to keep them in complete safety in a small number of OIE- and FAO-approved laboratories at a high level of biocontainment is thus essential.
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Today, the OIE and its partners are working on the control and eradication of new diseases:
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is notorious for its ability to severely affect and disrupt regional and international trade in animals and animal products. It causes enormous economic damage and endangers food security and smallholders’ livelihoods in countries where it is endemic. It is also a major risk for FMD-free countries.
As a result of the recommendations of the first international FMD conference, held in Asuncion, Paraguy, in 2009, a Global FMD Control Strategy was prepared under the FAO/OIE Global Framework for the Progressive Control of Transboundary Animal Diseases (GF–TADs), and was launched in 2012.
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Peste des petits ruminants is one of the most important animal diseases from an economic point of view, due to its severe impact on the productivity of affected flocks. This is why its control is such a crucial element in improving the standard of living of poor rural populations who so often depend on raising sheep and goats for their livelihoods.
In 2015, the OIE and FAO launched a Global Strategy for the Control and Eradication of Peste des Petits Ruminants.
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Each year, rabies kills around 70,000 people, most of them children in developing countries.
More than 95% of human rabies cases are caused by infected dog bites. The development of effective vaccines means we can for the first time envisage the eradication of this disease by implementing mass canine vaccination campaigns in affected countries.
In December 2015, the OIE and the World Health Organization (WHO) adopted the Global Framework to Eliminate Human Rabies Transmitted by Dogs, in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and with the support of the Global Alliance for Rabies Control (GARC).
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OIE Member Countries contribute to the protection of public health and animal health worldwide by notifying the OIE of any epidemiological events observed within their territory to ensure transparent information on animal health risks. The OIE List of Notifiable Terrestrial and Aquatic Animal Diseases currently includes 119 diseases and is regularly revised and adopted by the World Assembly of Delegates.
National Veterinary Authorities can, if they wish, take part in the OIE procedure for official recognition of disease status, which – at this stage – involves six animal diseases which are considered as priority diseases. The list of Member Countries with official disease status, as recognised by the annual World Assembly of OIE Delegates, is a key element in international trade and in the global control strategies for these diseases.
In the case of FMD only, countries or zones can be awarded FMD-free status with vaccination or FMD-free status without vaccination.