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Home > Animal health in the World > BSE situation in the world and annual incidence rate

Number of reported cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)
in farmed cattle worldwide* (excluding the United Kingdom)

 

Country/Year

 

89

 

90

 

91

92

 

93

 

94

 

95

 

96

 

97

 

98

 

99

 

 

00

 

 

 

 

01

 

 

 

 

02

 

 

 

 

03

 

 

 

 

04

 

 

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

 

Austria

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

1

0

0

0

2

2

1

0

0

2

0

0

0

 

 

Belgium

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

1

 

6

 

3

 

9

 

46

38

15

11

2

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Brazil

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1n

0

 

 

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

1b

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

2a

1

1

 

5

3

4

1

1

1

0

0

 

 

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

2

 

2

 

4

7

8

3

2

0

2

0

0

0

0

 

 

Denmark

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

1b

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

1

 

6

3

2

1

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

 

 

Finland

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

1a

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

0

 

0

 

5

 

0

 

1

 

4

 

3

 

12

 

6

 

18

 

31a

 

162d

 

274e

 

239f

 

137g

54h

31

8

9

8

10

5

3

1

2o

 

 

Germany

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

1b

 

0

 

3b

 

0

 

0

 

2b

 

0

 

0

 

7

 

125

 

106

 

54

65

32

16

4

2

2

0

0

0

0

2c

 

Greece

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

15a

 

14a

 

17a

 

18a

 

16

 

19a

 

16a

 

73

 

80

 

83

 

91

 

149d

 

246e

333f

183g

126h

69i

41j

25k

23l

9

2

3

3

1

 

 

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

1

 

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

 

Italy

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

2b

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

48

 

38a

 

29

 

7

8

 

7

2

1

2

0

0

0

0

 

 

Japan

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

3e

 

2

 

4g

5

7

10

3

1

1

0

0

0

0

 

 

Liechtenstein

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

 

Luxembourg

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

1

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

1

 

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0c

 

Netherlands

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

2

 

2

 

2

 

2

 

20

 

24

 

19

6

3

2

2

1

0

2

1m

0

0

 

 

Poland

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

4f

 

5

11

19

10

9

5

4

2

1m

3

1

 

 

Portugal

 

 

0

 

1b

 

1b

 

1b

 

3b

 

12

 

15

 

31

 

30

 

127

 

159

 

149a

 

110

 

86

 

133

92a

46

33

14

18

8

6

5

2

0

 

 

Slovakia

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

5

6

2

7

3

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

 

 

Slovenia

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

1

 

1

 

1

2a

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

2

 

82

127

167

137

98

68

36

25

18

13

6

6n

0

 

Sweden

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

 

 

 

0

 

2

 

8

 

15

 

29

 

64

 

68

 

45

 

38

 

14

 

50

 

33d

 

42

24

21g

3

3i

5

0

0

0

0

2m

1n

0

 

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

1n

0

* Cases are shown by year of confirmation.
... Not available

a

Canada: 1 case diagnosed in Canada in May 2003 + 1 case diagnosed in the United States of America in December 2003 and confirmed as having been imported from Canada.
Finland:
date of confirmation of the case: 7 December 2001.
France:
includes 1 imported case (confirmed on 13 August 1999).
Ireland:
includes imported cases: 5 in 1989, 1 in 1990, 2 in 1991 and 1992, 1 in 1994 and 1995.
Italy:
includes 2 imported cases.
Portugal:
includes 1 imported case.
Slovenia:
includes 1 imported case.

b

Imported case(s).

c

Germany - Atypical BSE cases (L and H-types). Laboratory confirmation of the first case in January 2014 in a bovine slaughtered on 30 December 2013. Data as of 25 February 2014.
Luxembourg - Data as of 31 March 2014.

d

France year 2000 - Clinical cases = 102. Cases detected within the framework of the research programme launched on 8 June 2000 = 60.
Ireland year 2000 -
Clinical cases = 138. Cases identified by active surveillance of at risk cattle populations = 7. Cases identified by examination of depopulated BSE positive herds, birth cohorts and progeny animals = 4.
Switzerland year 2000 -
Clinical cases = 17. Cases detected within the framework of the investigation programme = 16.

e

France year 2001 - Clinical cases = 91. Cases detected at rendering (bovines at risk) = 100 (out of 139,500 bovines tested). Cases detected as result of routine screening at the abattoir = 83 (out of 2,373,000 bovines tested).
Ireland year 2001 -
Clinical cases = 123. Cases identified by systematic active surveillance of all adult bovines = 119. Cases identified by examination of depopulated BSE positive herds, birth cohorts and progeny animals = 4.
Japan year 2001 -
Clinical cases = 1. Cases detected as result of screening at the abattoir = 2.

f

France year 2002 - Clinical cases = 41. Cases detected at rendering (bovines at risk) = 124 (out of 274,143 bovines tested). Cases detected as result of systematic screening at the abattoir = 74 (out of 2,915,103 bovines tested). The active BSE surveillance programmes implemented in France in 2002 led to routine examination of cattle aged over 24 months, which were slaughtered for consumption purposes, were euthanised or died due to other reasons.
Ireland year 2002 -
Clinical cases = 108. Cases detected by the active surveillance programme = 221. Cases identified by examination of depopulated BSE positive herds, birth cohorts and progeny animals = 4.
Poland year 2002 - Clinical cases = 1. Cases detected as result of routine screening at the abattoir (cattle over 30 months) = 3.

g

France year 2003 - Clinical cases = 13. Cases detected at rendering (bovines at risk) = 87. Cases detected as result of systematic screening at the abattoir = 37.
Japan year 2003 -
The 9th case was a bullock aged 21 months.
Ireland year 2003 -
Clinical cases = 41. Cases detected by the active surveillance programme = 140.
Switzerland year 2003 -
Clinical cases: 8. Cases detected within the framework of the official surveillance programme: 11. Cases detected through voluntary testing following routine slaughter: 2.

h

France year 2004 - Clinical cases = 8. Cases detected at rendering (bovines at risk) = 29. Cases detected as result of systematic screening at the abattoir = 17.
Ireland year 2004 -
Clinical cases = 31. Cases detected by the active surveillance programme = 94. Cases identified by examination of depopulated BSE positive herds, birth cohorts and progeny animals = 1.

i

Ireland year 2005 - Cases detected by the passive surveillance programme = 13. Cases detected by the active surveillance programme = 56.
Switzerland year 2005 -
Cases detected by the passive surveillance programme = 1. Cases detected within the framework of the official surveillance programme: 1. Cases detected through voluntary testing following routine slaughter = 1.

j

Ireland year 2006 - Cases detected by the passive surveillance programme = 5. Cases detected by the active surveillance programme = 36.

k

Ireland year 2007 - Cases detected by the passive surveillance programme = 5. Cases detected by the active surveillance programme = 20.

l

Ireland year 2008 - Cases detected by the passive surveillance programme = 3. Cases detected by the active surveillance programme = 20.

m

Netherlands year 2011 - Atypical BSE case (L-type).
Poland year 2011 - Atypical BSE case (L-type).
Switzerland year 2011 - Atypical BSE cases.

n

Brazil year 2012 - Laboratory confirmation in December 2012 in a bovine around 13 years old dead in December 2010.
Spain year 2012 - Includes 3 atypical BSE cases.
Switzerland year 2012 - Atypical imported BSE case (H-type).
United States of America year 2012 - Atypical BSE case.

o

France year 2013 - Atypical BSE cases (H-type).

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