The initial measures in the global strategy for dealing with FMD are early detection and warning systems and prevention and rapid response measures and mechanisms in place. This contributes to monitoring the occurrence, prevalence and characterisation of FMD viruses.
Protection of FMD free countries, areas or zones is enhanced with stringent import and cross-border animal movement controls and surveillance.
It is essential for livestock owners and producers to maintain sound biosecurity practices to prevent introduction/spread of the virus. Measures that are recommended at the farm level include:
Contingency planning for potential outbreaks will identify the elements included in a response effort to eradicate the disease, such as:
In endemic areas, culling may be complemented by vaccination for susceptible livestock. Vaccines used must protect against the particular virus strain prevalent in the area.