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While not a new concept, the OIE endorses the “One Health” approach as a collaborative and all-encompassing way to address, when relevant, animal and public health globally. This collaboration should not be limited to only the international level, but must be translated as a new and fundamental paradigm at national levels.
Promoting a collaborative “One Health” approach at national levels will result in a deeper and sustainable political support for the coordinated prevention of high public health and animal impact diseases at the human-animal interface.
Recent efforts in controlling emerging pandemic diseases of animal origin and contributions towards pandemic preparedness have re-emphasized the need for enhanced collaboration on reducing risks of zoonotic potential including foodborne diseases and severe animal diseases at its source. Therefore, the OIE continues to insist on the critical need of constant improvement of the veterinary governance and its cooperation with public health managers and to consider all relevant activities as a global public good.
The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), jointly with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank, has released a guide for national public health authorities and national animal health authorities represented by Veterinary Services outlining methods for strengthening the good governance of health systems worldwide.
Within the framework of the Tripartite Alliance, FAO, the OIE and WHO recognise their respective responsibilities in fighting diseases, including zoonoses, that can have a serious health and economic impact. They have been working together for numerous years to prevent, detect, control and eliminate disease risks to humans originating directly or indirectly from animals. In 2010, the FAO/OIE/WHO Tripartite Concept Note (April 2010) officially recognised this close collaboration, with joint strategies at the human-animal-environment interface, to support their Member Countries.
Three priority areas of work were defined: zoonotic influenzas, rabies and the fight against antimicrobial resistance.
The relevant fact sheets are available on the following links:
FAO/OIE/WHO factsheet on zoonotic influenza (coming soon)