The OIE has been actively and closely monitoring, together with its partner organisations, the development of the ongoing pandemic since the detection of the pandemic H1N1 2009 virus in humans in April 2009.
Surveillance, prevention and control
The OIE has continuously encouraged all of its Member Countries to intensify their surveillance for potential influenza virus infections in animals, including swine. The OIE has also recommended that adequate biosecurity measures be taken at the farm level to minimize the infection from humans to animals and amongst animals. The OIE does not recommend to cull infected animals as a measure to protect animal health and human health from the pandemic H1N1 2009.
The OIE has asked its Members to notify occurrences of pandemic H1N1 2009 in animals, qualifying this as an “emerging disease” on notification forms. Prompt reporting of pandemic H1N1 2009 in different animal species demonstrates that the international community is responding and mobilising in the interests of all.
Trade (related to the pandemic H1N1 2009 virus risk)
The OIE repeatedly stated its position on the modilaty of international trade of pigs and susceptible animals and their products. There is no scientific ground for prohibiting the export of healthy animals including those originating from infected countries. No specific laboratory tests for the pandemic virus should be required for international trade in live pigs and other susceptible animal species and/or their products.
The OIE ensures that all information on the virus and its spread is shared amongst all stakeholders. OIE Reference Laboratories and Collaborating Centres, primarily through OFFLU - the OIE/FAO joint network of expertise on animal influenzas - play a key role in developing technical guidance for the international community, thus providing the animal and human health sectors with basic information on animal influenzas.
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