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FRENCH-SPEAKING COUNTRIES OF AFRICA
IN THE PROCESS OF HARMONISING THE QUALITY OF VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS

A seminar on veterinary medicinal products was held at the Inter-State School for Veterinary Sciences and Medicine (EISMV) in Dakar (Senegal) from 6 to 10 December 1999. The seminar was organised by the Office International des Epizooties (OIE) and the Government of the Republic of Senegal, with the support of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs (Cooperation) of the French Republic.

It brought together Chief Veterinary Officers and pharmacists or veterinarians responsible for the registration and control of veterinary drugs in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Togo.

The seminar was given by experts from the OIE Collaborating Centre for Veterinary Drugs, Fougères (France), the EISMV and the Animal Husbandry Support Project (PASPE) in Mali.

The programme included lectures on theoretical aspects. The main topics covered were veterinary medicinal product legislation in French-speaking African countries, local manufacture and distribution of veterinary medicinal products, good manufacturing practices, resistance of pathogenic agents to antibiotics, trypanocides, antiparasites or insecticides, and drug residues in food.

At the end of the seminar four recommendations were adopted with the aim of alleviating any deficiencies still existing in French-speaking African countries in terms of registration and quality control of veterinary medicinal products.

These recommendations included:

  • The creation in Sub-Saharan Africa of a regional agency for veterinary medicinal products in charge of marketing authorisation, in order to develop regional cooperation in this field and to facilitate harmonisation of veterinary pharmaceutical legislation. The support of the OIE is solicited for technical cooperation between the regional agency and the OIE Collaborating Centre for Veterinary Medicinal Products in Fougères.
  • The development of national laboratories for the control of veterinary medicinal products to collaborate with the regional agency for veterinary medicinal products.
  • Finalising (perfecting) the adoption of legislative and regulatory texts on veterinary medicinal products, clearly indicating the disassociation between wholesale and retail functions of veterinary medicinal products, and assuring the correct use of these products through the training of veterinary practitioners and breeders.
  • The OIE should accept the topic of risk analysis and management related to the use of veterinary medicinal products for a following seminar, and the next International Technical Consultation on Veterinary Medicinal Products (ITCVMP) should be held in Bamako (Mali).

Contact : Maria Zampaglione

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