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The world was officially declared free from rinderpest in 2011 in the course of the 79th OIE General Session.
Rinderpest, once the scourge of societies across Asia, Europe and Africa, is only the second infectious disease, after smallpox for humans, to have been eradicated globally thanks to decades of internationally concerted effort.
Declaration of world-freedom from rinderpest at the 79th OIE General Session (2011)
Although the rinderpest virus no longer circulates amongst animals, the world remains vulnerable to a reoccurrence of the disease, due to virus stocks, vaccines as well as biologic samples which may contain the virus, still stored in several premises across the world.
Rinderpest remains a notifiable disease and adequate surveillance systems must be maintained for the early detection of clinical cases, should there be any accidental escape of the virus. The OIE and the FAO will ensure the permanent availability of awareness materials to raise awareness demonstrating the range of signs associated with rinderpest cases in live animals, as well as the post eradication biothreat reduction activities.
Furthermore, the OIE is currently working on strategies to make progress in the international control, over the coming years, of other worrisome diseases such as foot and mouth disease, rabies and peste des petits ruminants.