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OIE PVS Pathway



PVS Pathway Targeted Support

Veterinary and Veterinary Paraprofessionals Education



Veterinary Education:

The provision of high-quality veterinary education is key to equipping potential veterinarians with the necessary knowledge to perform efficiently and to support Veterinary Services effectively. However, indications from PVS Evaluation reports relating to the competencies of veterinarians suggested that in many countries, Veterinary Education Establishments (VEE) were not adequately preparing their veterinary graduates to possess the necessary competencies at graduation to protect the public good in the areas of animal and zoonotic disease control and food safety. As a result, and in order to address these deficiencies, the OIE developed the following to support its Member Countries:

OIE Recommendations on the Competencies of graduating veterinarians (‘Day 1 graduates’):  This set of recommendations provides an overview of the competencies necessary for the Day 1 veterinary graduate to be adequately prepared to participate in National Veterinary Services at the entry-level. 

•  The OIE Guidelines on Veterinary Education Core Curriculum: The OIE developed these Guidelines for a Model Core Veterinary Curriculum to serve as a companion to it recommendations regarding the competencies of graduating veterinarians (Day 1 Graduates) to assure the quality of the public and private components of National Veterinary Services. These Guidelines are meant to serve as a tool for Veterinary Educational Establishments (VEE) in OIE Member Countries to use when developing curricula to educate veterinary students to the expected level of competency. 

 A VEE Twinning Programme was also established to create the opportunity for a ‘beneficiary’ VEE wishing to improve its performance, to link with a ‘parent’ VEE in a formal partnership to address specific, agreed upon targets for curriculum development and other aspects of educational capacity building, with OIE support.

OIE Guide to Veterinary Education Twinning Projects 

Contact: Dr David Sherman ( or Ms. Lydia Greve (

 OIE Global List of Veterinary Education Establishments:  In response to the recommendations adopted at the 2013 OIE Global Conference on Veterinary Education and the role of the Veterinary Statutory Body, the OIE has established a global list of Veterinary Education Establishments (VEEs).  The list is updated as new information becomes available from Member Countries and the current version is available here (link).

 For more reading:

OIE Global Conferences on Veterinary Education

Ad hoc Group on Veterinary Education

Veterinary Paraprofessionals (VPPs) Education:

Based on the clear success of the efforts in veterinary education, OIE has made a similar effort in the area of veterinary paraprofessional (VPP) education. The OIE recognises the importance of veterinary paraprofessionals in veterinary service delivery and the PVS Pathway Tool includes assessments related to the staffing and competency of veterinary paraprofessionals as well as veterinarians in national veterinary Services.

Once again, the PVS Evaluation missions have indicated deficiencies in veterinary paraprofessional training and competency. In 2016, the OIE established an ad hoc group on veterinary paraprofessionals to develop expected competencies for three different categories of VPPs, namely animal health, veterinary public health and laboratory diagnosis. The ad hoc group completed the preparation of the proposed competencies for the three VPP categories in 2018 and those competencies have now been published as the OIE Competency Guidelines for Veterinary Paraprofessionals.

The ad hoc group has now also completed the development of the OIE Curricula Guidelines for Veterinary Paraprofessionals. The purpose of this document is to help veterinary paraprofessional training institutions to develop curricula in all three tracks to produce veterinary paraprofessionals with the desired competencies. 

Contact: Dr David Sherman (

Veterinary Statutory Bodies:

The role of a Veterinary Statutory Body (VSB) is to oversee the quality and competence of veterinarians in a country. A competent Veterinary Statutory Body, autonomous from any political or commercial interests, can ensure the excellence of the veterinary profession through appropriately licensing or registering veterinary professionals and veterinary paraprofessionals, and providing minimum standards for (initial and continuing) education and professional conduct for those registered. The functional and legislative framework within which a Veterinary Statutory Body exercises its regulatory capacity is defined in Article 3.2.12 and Article 3.4.6 of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code.

A VSB Twinning Programme was established to create the opportunity for a ‘beneficiary’ VSB wishing to improve its performance, to link with a ‘parent’ VSB in a formal partnership to address specific, agreed upon targets for improvement.  The Twinning Programme is currently being reviewed and may be replaced or supplemented in the future with alternative approaches for improving performance of VSBs.

OIE Guide to Veterinary Statutory Body Twinning Projects 

Contact: Dr David Sherman ( or Ms. Lydia Greve (



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