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Terrestrial Animal Health Code

The OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code (the Terrestrial Code) sets out standards for the improvement of animal health and welfare and veterinary public health worldwide, including through standards for safe international trade in terrestrial animals (mammals, reptiles, birds and bees) and their products. The health measures in the Terrestrial Code should be used by the Veterinary Authorities of importing and exporting countries to provide for early detection, reporting and control agents that are pathogenic to animals or humans, and to prevent their transfer via international trade in animals and animal products, while avoiding unjustified sanitary barriers to trade.

The health measures in the Terrestrial Code have been formally adopted by the World Assembly of the Delegates of the OIE Members. The 27th  edition incorporates modifications to the Terrestrial Code agreed at the 86th OIE General Session in May 2018.


OIE International Standards: The key to better animal health and welfare


This edition includes an updated version of the table of contents, User's guide and Glossary, and the revised text in the following articles and chapters:

– Diseases, infections and infestations listed by the OIE (Articles 1.3.1., 1.3.2., 1.3.4. and 1.3.5.);
– Procedures for self-declaration and for official recognition by the OIE (Chapter 1.6.);
– Import risk analysis (Articles 2.1.1. and 2.1.3.);
– Criteria applied by the OIE for assessing the safety of commodities (Chapter 2.2.);
– Zoning and compartmentalisation (Chapter 4.3.);
– Collection and processing of oocytes or in vitro derived embryos from livestock and equids (Chapter 4.8.);
– The role of the Veterinary Services in food safety (Chapter 6.2.);
– Harmonisation of national antimicrobial resistance surveillance and monitoring programmes (Chapter 6.8.);
– Monitoring of the quantities and usage patterns of antimicrobial agents used in food-producing animals (Chapter 6.9.);
– Prevention and control of Salmonella in commercial pig production systems (Articles 6.14.2., 6.14.3. and 6.14.16.);
– Introduction to the recommendations for animal welfare (Chapter 7.1.);
– Welfare of working equids (Articles 7.12.7.);
– Infection with bluetongue virus (Chapter 8.3.);
– Infection with Brucella abortus, B. melitensis and B. suis (Article 8.4.10.);
– Infection with rinderpest virus (Article 8.16.2.);
– Infection with lumpy skin disease virus (Articles 11.9.4., 11.9.5., 11.9.6. and 11.9.15.);
– Infection with Burkholderia mallei (Glanders) (Chapter 12.10.).

This edition also includes five new chapters on following titles:

– Application for official recognition by the OIE of free status for African horse sickness (Chapter 1.7.);
– Application for official recognition by the OIE of risk status for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (Chapter 1.8.);
– Application for official recognition by the OIE of free status for classical swine fever (Chapter 1.9.);
– Application for official recognition by the OIE of free status for contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (Chapter 1.10.);
– Application for official recognition by the OIE of free status for foot and mouth disease (Chapter 1.11.);
– Application for official recognition by the OIE of free status for peste des petits ruminants (Chapter 1.12.);
– Vaccination (Chapter 4.17.);
– Introduction to recommendations for veterinary public health (Chapter 6.1.);
– Animal welfare and pig production systems (Chapter 7.13.).

The development of these standards and recommendations is the result of the continuous work since 1960 of one of the OIE's Specialist Commissions, the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Standards Commission. The first Terrestrial Code was published in 1968. This Commission draws upon the expertise of internationally renowned specialists to prepare draft texts for new articles of the Terrestrial Code or revise existing articles in the light of advances in veterinary science.

The value of the Terrestrial Code is twofold: that the measures published in it are the result of consensus among the veterinary authorities of OIE Members, and that it constitutes a reference within the World Trade Organization Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures as an international standard for animal health and zoonoses.

The OIE Terrestrial Code is a reference document for use by Veterinary Authorities, import/export services, epidemiologists and all those involved in international trade.

The Terrestrial Code is published annually in paper form in the three official OIE languages (English, French and Spanish), and in Russian. The contents of the 2018 version of the Terrestrial Code can be consulted in Web format.

Terrestrial Code
27th Edition, 2018
29.7 x 21 cm
ISBN of volume I: 978-92-95108-58-5
ISBN of volume II: 978-92-95108-59-2

Price: 100 euros
Ref.: A 246
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