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Just Published: World Animal Health in 1996

The Office International des Epizooties (OIE) has recently published World Animal Health in 1996.

This work (1) provides a complete overview of the development of animal epidemics (‘epizootics’) throughout the world during the past year and will be of particular interest to national veterinary officials responsible for animal health and production.

Among the information presented, several events deserve a special mention:

  • The reappearance of foot and mouth disease in several Balkan countries clearly shows the threat that the disease still represents to Europe. In South America, the foot and mouth disease control programme carried out jointly by ‘Mercosur’ countries (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) continues to be effective.

  • Rinderpest was reported on several occasions in Kenya, particularly on its border with Tanzania.

  • An eradication programme for contagious bovine pleuropneumonia has been instigated in Botswana; it continues to be a serious problem for several other countries in Southern Africa.

  • In several regions throughout the world, episodes of Newcastle disease were reported in wild bird populations. A number of other outbreaks declared concerned farmyard poultry or domestic birds. At times, industrial poultry units are affected.

  • Rabies continues to regress in Western Europe, as a result of the oral vaccination of foxes, so that its total disappearance from this region can be hoped for in the near future. However, a virus similar to that of rabies has been isolated in several species of frugivorous and insectivorous bats in Australia.

  • The number of cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (‘mad cow disease’) continues to decrease in the United Kingdom, whereas it has increased in France, Ireland and Portugal.

  • Three new countries were added to the list of those where the porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus is present.

  • The propagation of screwworm caused by the Chrysomya bezziana fly in Iraq is a serious public health problem, and poses a threat to the other Middle East countries.

The OIE, in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO), will continue to promote the strengthening of animal disease surveillance and assist Member Countries to develop and implement collaborative disease control programmes and thus to meet their animal protein production needs.

Paris, 3 September 1997

The OIE, world organisation for animal health, was created in 1924 and has its headquarters in Paris. It brings together 146 countries and is responsible for informing and advising national Veterinary Services in order to protect public health and contribute to the eradication of the most dangerous animal diseases. It determines the health standards for international trade in animals and animal products.

(1) 21 cm x 29.7 cm, 730 pages (2 volumes), FRF 600 / US$ 100 (P & P included). Available from the Office International des Epizooties, 12 rue de Prony, 75017 Paris.

Contact : Maria Zampaglione

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