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Home > Animal health in the World > BSE situation in the world and annual incidence rate

Number of reported cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)
in farmed cattle worldwide*(excluding the United Kingdom)

 

Country/Year

 

 

2000

 

 

 

 

2001

 

 

 

 

2002

 

 

 

 

2003

 

 

 

 

2004

 

 

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

 

Austria

 

 

0

 

1

0

0

0

2

2

1

0

0

 

Belgium

 

 

9

 

46

38

15

11

2

2

0

0

0

Brazil

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

2

1

1

 

5

3

4

1

 

 

 

0

 

2

 

2

 

4

7

8

3

2

0

2

 

Denmark

 

 

1

 

6

3

2

1

1

0

0

0

1

 

Finlandb

 

 

0

 

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

 

 

162

 

274

 

239

 

137

54

31

8

9

8

10

 

Germany

 

 

7

 

125

 

106

 

54

65

32

16

4

2

2

 

Greece

 

 

0

 

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

 

 

149

 

246

333

183

126

69

41

25

23

9

 

 

 

0

 

0

 

1

 

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Italye

 

 

0

 

48

 

38

 

29

 

7

8

 

7

2

1

2

 

Japanf

 

 

0

 

3

 

2

 

4

5

7

10

3

1

1

 

Liechtenstein

 

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Luxembourg

 

 

0

 

0

 

1

 

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

 

Netherlands

 

 

2

 

20

 

24

 

19

6

3

2

2

1

0

 

Polandg

 

 

0

 

0

 

4

 

5

11

19

10

9

5

4

 

Portugalh

 

 

149

 

110

 

86

 

133

92

46

33

14

18

8

 

Slovakia

 

 

0

 

5

6

2

7

3

0

1

0

0

 

Sloveniai

 

 

0

 

1

 

1

 

1

2

1

1

1

0

0

 

 

 

2

 

82

127

167

137

98

68

36

25

18

Sweden

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

1

0

0

0

 

 

 

33

 

42

24

21

3

3

5

0

0

0

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

 

0

 

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

0


*
Cases are shown by year of confirmation.

a

Canada:

Year 2003 - 1 case diagnosed in Canada in May 2003 + 1 case diagnosed in the United States of America in December 2003 and confirmed as having been imported from Canada.

b

Finland:

Year 2001 - Date of confirmation of the case: 7 December 2001.

c

France:

Year 2000 - Clinical cases = 102. Cases detected within the framework of the research programme launched on 8 June 2000 = 60.
Year 2001 - Clinical cases = 91. Cases detected at rendering (bovines at risk) = 100 (out of 139,500 bovines tested). Cases detected as result of routine screening at the abattoir = 83 (out of 2,373,000 bovines tested).
Year 2002 - Clinical cases = 41. Cases detected at rendering (bovines at risk) = 124 (out of 274,143 bovines tested). Cases detected as result of systematic screening at the abattoir = 74 (out of 2,915,103 bovines tested). The active BSE surveillance programmes implemented in France in 2002 led to routine examination of cattle aged over 24 months, which were slaughtered for consumption purposes, were euthanised or died due to other reasons.
Year 2003 - Clinical cases = 13. Cases detected at rendering (bovines at risk) = 87. Cases detected as result of systematic screening at the abattoir = 37.
Year 2004 - Clinical cases = 8. Cases detected at rendering (bovines at risk) = 29. Cases detected as result of systematic screening at the abattoir = 17.

d

Ireland:

Year 2000 - Clinical cases = 138. Cases identified by active surveillance of at risk cattle populations = 7. Cases identified by examination of depopulated BSE positive herds, birth cohorts and progeny animals = 4.
Year 2001 - Clinical cases = 123. Cases identified by systematic active surveillance of all adult bovines = 119. Cases identified by examination of depopulated BSE positive herds, birth cohorts and progeny animals = 4.
Year 2002 - Clinical cases = 108. Cases detected by the active surveillance programme = 221. Cases identified by examination of depopulated BSE positive herds, birth cohorts and progeny animals = 4.
Year 2003 - Clinical cases = 41. Cases detected by the active surveillance programme = 140.  
Year 2004 - Clinical cases = 31. Cases detected by the active surveillance programme = 94. Cases identified by examination of depopulated BSE positive herds, birth cohorts and progeny animals = 1.
Year 2005 - Cases detected by the passive surveillance programme = 13. Cases detected by the active surveillance programme = 56.
Year 2006 - Cases detected by the passive surveillance programme = 5. Cases detected by the active surveillance programme = 36.
Year 2007 - Cases detected by the passive surveillance programme = 5. Cases detected by the active surveillance programme = 20.
Year 2008 - Cases detected by the passive surveillance programme = 3. Cases detected by the active surveillance programme = 20.

e

Italy:

Year 2002 - Includes 2 imported cases.

f

Japan:

Year 2001 - Clinical cases = 1. Cases detected as result of screening at the abattoir = 2.
Year 2003 - The 9th case was a bullock aged 21 months.

g

Poland:

Year 2002 - Clinical cases = 1. Cases detected as result of routine screening at the abattoir (cattle over 30 months) = 3.

h

Portugal:

Year 2000 - Includes 1 imported case.
Year 2004 - Includes 1 imported case.

i

Slovenia:

Year 2004 - Includes 1 imported case.

Jj

Switzerland:

Year 2000 - Clinical cases = 17. Cases detected within the framework of the investigation programme = 16.
Year 2003 - Clinical cases = 8. Cases detected within the framework of the official surveillance programme = 11. Cases detected through voluntary testing following routine slaughter = 2.
Year 2005 - Cases detected by the passive surveillance programme = 1. Cases detected within the framework of the official surveillance programme = 1. Cases detected through voluntary testing following routine slaughter = 1.

k

United States of America

Year 2005 - Atypical BSE case
Year 2006 - Atypical BSE case.

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