OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code
Introduction to the recommendations for controlling antimicrobial resistance
Harmonisation of national antimicrobial resistance surveillance and monitoring programmes
Monitoring of the quantities and usage patterns of antimicrobials agents used in food producing animals
Responsible and prudent use of antimicrobial agents in veterinary medicine
Risk assessment for antimicrobial resistance arising from the use of antimicrobials in animals
Monitoring of the quantities and usage patterns of antimicrobial agents used in aquatic animals
Developpment and harmonisation of national antimicrobial resistance surveillance and monitoring programmes for aquatic animals
OIE Manual of diagnostic tests and vaccines for Terrestrial Animals
Laboratory methodologies for bacterial antimicrobial susceptibility testing
Antimicrobial resistance is a global human and animal health concern that is influenced by both human and non-human antimicrobial agent usage. The human, animal and plant sectors therefore have a shared responsibility to prevent or minimise antimicrobial resistance selection pressures on both human and non-human pathogens.
The OIE has worked actively for more than a decade on veterinary products, including antimicrobial agents, and developed a coherent strategy for its activities in this area. Given that antimicrobial resistance is an animal and human health issue, the OIE works closely with its Member Countries, WHO, FAO and the Codex Alimentarius Commission.
Following the FAO/OIE/WHO workshops on non-human antimicrobial usage and antimicrobial resistance held in 2003 (on scientific assessment) and in 2004 (on management options), the OIE developed a list of antimicrobials of veterinary importance, in parallel with the WHO list for human medicine.
The OIE promotes the responsible and prudent use of antimicrobial agents in terrestrial animals, so as to preserve their therapeutic efficacy and prolong their use in both animals and human. It has developed standards on the monitoring of the quantities of antimicrobial agents used and antimicrobial resistance. The OIE also developed standards and guidelines to provide methodologies for OIE Member Countries to appropriately address the risk of the emergence or spread of resistant bacteria that result from the use of antimicrobial agents in food producing animals.
These standards and guidelines can be found in the Terrestrial Animal Health Code (chapters 6.6., 6.7., 6.8., 6.9. and 6.10. and in the Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals. (Guideline 2.1.).
These standards are regularly updated to take account of latest scientific findings.
"International Solidarity to Fight against Antimicrobial Resistance"
(OIE Headquarters, Paris, 13-15 March 2013)