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The OIE PVS Pathway

The OIE PVS Pathway is a global programme for the sustainable improvement of a country's Veterinary Services' compliance with OIE standards on the quality of Veterinary Services. This is an important foundation for improving animal and public health and enhancing compliance with SPS standards, at the national, regional and international level. It should be remembered that the activities of the Veterinary Services are a global public good and are consequently eligible for appropriate national, regional or international public funding support.

To support these goals, there is a crucial need for appropriate legislation in the animal health and welfare field and its strict implementation through appropriate human and financial resources dedicated to national animal health and welfare systems allowing, in principle, for: (i) early detection of disease incursions, transparency and notification; (ii) rapid response to animal disease outbreaks and implementation of biosecurity and bio-containment measures; (iii) compensation strategies to indemnify animal owners hit by outbreaks; and (iv) vaccination, as appropriate.

Good governance of animal health systems based on a close public/private partnership is the responsibility of all governments. If one country fails, it may endanger its neighbouring countries, the region, the continent and potentially the entire planet.

To help ensure the effective performance of the Veterinary Services of Member Countries, the OIE has dedicated two Chapters[1] of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code (the Terrestrial Code) to the Quality of Veterinary Services.

The OIE international standards and guidelines constitute the basis for independent external country evaluations of the quality of Veterinary Services and Animal Health Systems and have been democratically adopted by all OIE Members. A specific methodology has been developed and the OIE has published the “OIE Tool for the Evaluation of Performance of Veterinary Services” (the OIE PVS Tool) as the basis for evaluating performance against the international standards published in the Terrestrial Animal Health Code. A similar tool is available for the evaluation of Aquatic Animal Health Services.

Only OIE certified PVS experts can carry out independent external PVS Evaluations of country Veterinary Services and PVS Gap Analysis. They have undergone training sessions organised by the OIE and funded by donors to the OIE World Fund. All experts use standard tools, indicators and Experts’ Manuals, prepared and published by the OIE Headquarters, which also include template reports.   

Regular feedback sessions are organised with OIE certified PVS experts for monitoring and evaluation purposes and also for the periodic updating of the OIE PVS Tool and the PVS Gap Analysis Tool. 

During 2006-2010, the OIE has progressively developed the OIE PVS Pathway which takes the country PVS Evaluation using the OIE PVS Tool and PVS Gap Analysis missions as first steps and integrates them into a comprehensive, staged approach providing targeted support for the systematic strengthening of Veterinary Services based on international standards.

The following diagram is the visual representation of the OIE strategy regarding the use of OIE standards on the quality of Veterinary Services and guidelines on veterinary legislation:



Key Words:

OIE Pathway: The OIE PVS Pathway is a global programme for the sustainable improvement of a country's Veterinary Services' compliance with OIE international standards.

PVS Fundamental Components: The four thematic components of the OIE PVS Tool: I - Human, Physical and Financial Resources; II - Technical Authority and Capability; III - Interaction with Stakeholders, and IV - Access to Markets.

PVS Critical Competencies: Individual sub-components of the four fundamental components of the OIE PVS Tool. The 2010 (5th edition) of the OIE PVS Tool contains 46 PVS Critical Competencies.

OIE PVS indicators: Evidence on which to objectively determine the level of advancement of the Veterinary Services for each critical competency, as defined in the OIE PVS Tool.

Level of advancement: For each PVS Critical Competency, 5 possible levels of advancement are envisaged: from level 1 (“basic”, no compliance) to level 5 (“well advanced”, in compliance with OIE standards). A higher level assumes compliance with all preceding levels.

PVS Evaluation mission: An OIE PVS evaluation is a qualitative assessment of the performance and the compliance of Veterinary Services in accordance with the OIE international standards on quality of Veterinary Services.

PVS Gap Analysis mission: A PVS Gap Analysis mission facilitates the definition of a country’s Veterinary Services’ objectives in terms of compliance with OIE quality standards, suitably adapted to national constraints and priorities. The country PVS Gap Analysis report includes an indicative annual budget and one exceptional budget (for exceptional investments), when relevant, consolidated to propose an indicative 5-year Budget for the country’s Veterinary Services.

PVS Pathway follow-up missions:  Periodic PVS Pathway follow-up missions provide a way of measuring the progress that countries have made in sustainably improving their compliance with the OIE quality standards set out in the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code. These missions should be conducted by OIE PVS certified experts at the request of the country in question. The initial country PVS evaluation is the baseline founded on democratically adopted OIE international standards on Quality of Veterinary Services.