Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Israel
Information received on 15/03/2012 from Dr Nadav Galon, Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, BET DAGAN, Israel
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 13/03/2012
Date of confirmation of the event 14/03/2012
Report date 15/03/2012
Date submitted to OIE 15/03/2012
Date event resolved 21/03/2012
Reason for notification Change in epidemiology
New disease agent No
New vector No
New host species Cats (Clinical)
Increased pathogenicity No
Zoonotic impact No
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5
Related reports Immediate notification (15/03/2012)
Follow-up report No. 1 (25/03/2012)
Follow-up report No. 2 (15/04/2012)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 (Cats Shalwa) SHALWA, Ashkelon, Hadarom
Date of start of the outbreak 13/03/2012
Outbreak status Resolved (21/03/2012)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cats 50 12 7 18 0
Affected population H5N1 was diagnosed in turkeys on 8 March 2012. On 9 March 2012, just before the culling of the birds, cats were seen eating carcasses. On 14 March 2012, 4 cats were found dead around the affected pen and some showed clinical signs such as respiratory signs and weakness. On 15 March 2012, the authorities succeeded to catch 16 cats roaming around the infected pen and euthanized them.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cats 50 12 7 18 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cats 24.00% 14.00% 58.33% 50.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Contact after eating infected carcasses
Epidemiological comments Cats were seen eating infected carcasses of turkeys. Clinical signs appeared on them about one week later.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Modified stamping out
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Avian Diseases Department, Kimron Veterinary Institute (National laboratory) Cats reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 14/03/2012 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations