Foot and mouth disease,
Russia
Information received on 04/04/2013 from Dr Evgeny Nepoklonov, Vice-minister, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 1
Date of start of the event 08/03/2013
Date of confirmation of the event 17/03/2013
Report date 04/04/2013
Date submitted to OIE 04/04/2013
Date event resolved 29/05/2013
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype A
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (18/03/2013)
Follow-up report No. 1 (04/04/2013)
Follow-up report No. 2 (03/06/2013)
New outbreaks (3)
Outbreak 1 Village Srednyaya - Borsya, Kalgansky raion, ZABAJKAL`SKIJ KRAY
Date of start of the outbreak 25/03/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (24/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 909 283 0 0 0
Sheep / goats 891 0 0 0 0
Swine 360 0 0 0 0
Outbreak 2 Village Priargunsk, Priargunsky raion, ZABAJKAL`SKIJ KRAY
Date of start of the outbreak 28/03/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (20/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1127 19 0 0 0
Sheep / goats 743 0 0 0 0
Swine 635 0 0 0 0
Outbreak 3 Village Duroi, Priargunsky raion, ZABAJKAL`SKIJ KRAY
Date of start of the outbreak 28/03/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (29/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 2362 382 0 0 0
Sheep / goats 9690 0 0 0 0
Affected population Specialized production complex breeding farm “Druzhba”
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 3
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 4398 684 0 0 0
Sheep / goats 11324 0 0 0 0
Swine 995 0 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 15.55% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Sheep / goats 0.00% 0.00% ** 0.00%
Swine 0.00% 0.00% ** 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments The village Duroi is located at 3,5 km from the border with China, and the villages Priargunsk and Srednyaya Borzya are located at 1,5 km from the border. The affected territory is part of the buffer zone where vaccination against FMD is practiced. The isolates belong to genetic lineage SEA-97 of type A FMD virus.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Quarantine
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle complement fixation test (CFT) 01/04/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle complement fixation test (CFT) 01/04/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle complement fixation test (CFT) 01/04/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle indirect ELISA 01/04/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle indirect ELISA 01/04/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle indirect ELISA 01/04/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle indirect sandwich ELISA 17/03/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle nested RT-PCR 01/04/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle nested RT-PCR 01/04/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle nested RT-PCR 01/04/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 17/03/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle virus isolation 01/04/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle virus isolation 01/04/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle virus isolation 01/04/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Swine indirect sandwich ELISA 17/03/2013 Positive
Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH) (OIE Reference Laboratory) Swine reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 17/03/2013 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations