Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Nepal
Information received on 26/05/2013 from Dr Nar Bahadur Rajwar, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Department of Livestock Services, Lalitpur, Nepal
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 8
Date of start of the event 27/08/2012
Date of pre-confirmation of the event 03/09/2012
Report date 26/05/2013
Date submitted to OIE 26/05/2013
Date event resolved 10/10/2013
Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 30/03/2012
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N1
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (14/10/2012)
Follow-up report No. 1 (02/11/2012)
Follow-up report No. 2 (24/12/2012)
Follow-up report No. 3 (06/01/2013)
Follow-up report No. 4 (18/01/2013)
Follow-up report No. 5 (21/01/2013)
Follow-up report No. 6 (15/02/2013)
Follow-up report No. 7 (11/04/2013)
Follow-up report No. 8 (26/05/2013)
Follow-up report No. 9 (30/06/2013)
Follow-up report No. 10 (09/09/2013)
Follow-up report No. 11 (11/09/2013)
Follow-up report No. 12 (21/09/2013)
Follow-up report No. 13 (12/11/2013)
Follow-up report No. 14 (03/01/2014)
New outbreaks (32)
Outbreak 1 Gadariya, Gadariya VDC 9, Kailali, SETI
Date of start of the outbreak 11/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (18/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 1500 259 259 1241 0
Affected population Commercial broiler chicken raised in a closed farm premises
Outbreak 2 Prithivinagar 5, Prithivinagar, Jhapa, MECHI
Date of start of the outbreak 12/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (16/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 60 14 14 46 0
Affected population Backyard birds raised in free range system
Outbreak 3 Bhadrapur 8, Bhadrapur, Jhapa, MECHI
Date of start of the outbreak 14/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (19/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 500 107 107 393 0
Affected population A commercial broiler flock raised in closed housing system
Outbreak 4 Mechinagar 11, Mechinagar, Jhapa, MECHI
Date of start of the outbreak 14/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (18/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 102 20 20 82 0
Affected population Backyard chicken and duck reared in free range system
Outbreak 5 Chandragadi 4, Chandragadi, Jhapa, MECHI
Date of start of the outbreak 14/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (18/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 52 11 11 41 0
Affected population Backyard chicken raised in free range system
Outbreak 6 Bharatpur 9, Bharatpur, Chitwan, NARAYANI
Date of start of the outbreak 17/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (20/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 60000 33675 33675 26325 0
Affected population A large commercial layer farm raised in deep litter system
Outbreak 7 Mangalpur 7, Mangalpur, Chitwan, NARAYANI
Date of start of the outbreak 18/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (20/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 4000 775 775 3225 0
Affected population A commercial layer farm raised in deep litter system
Outbreak 8 Mechinagar 10, Kakarvitta, Jhapa, MECHI
Date of start of the outbreak 18/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (21/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
House Crow:Corvus splendens(Corvidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population A wild crow found dead in the premises of custom office at Nepal-India border
Outbreak 9 Pokharvindi 7, Pokharvindi, Rupandehi, LUMBINI
Date of start of the outbreak 19/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (23/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 500 163 163 337 0
Affected population A commercial broiler flock in deep litter system
Outbreak 10 Chandragadi 1, Chandragadi, Jhapa, MECHI
Date of start of the outbreak 19/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (23/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 200 49 49 151 0
Affected population A commercial broiler birds in deep litter system
Outbreak 11 Prithivinagar 5, Prithivinagar, Jhapa, MECHI
Date of start of the outbreak 19/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (23/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 2000 562 562 1438 0
Affected population Backyard chicken and ducks in whole village
Outbreak 12 Mangalpur 5, Mangalpur, Chitwan, NARAYANI
Date of start of the outbreak 19/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (22/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 3500 275 275 3225 0
Affected population A commercial layer farm in deep litter system
Outbreak 13 Bharatpur 9, Bharatpur, Chitwan, NARAYANI
Date of start of the outbreak 19/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (22/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 3300 426 426 2874 0
Affected population A commercial layer farm in deep litter system
Outbreak 14 Pokharvindi 2, Pokharvindi, Rupandehi, LUMBINI
Date of start of the outbreak 21/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (26/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 250 50 50 200 0
Affected population A commercial broiler farm in deep litter system
Outbreak 15 Baharatpur 1, Ramnagar, Chitwan, NARAYANI
Date of start of the outbreak 23/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (29/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 3000 640 640 2360 0
Affected population A commercial broiler parent farm in deep litter system
Outbreak 16 Chapagaun 2, Chapagaun, Lalitpur, BAGMATI
Date of start of the outbreak 23/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 20 7 7 13 0
Affected population Backyard chicken and ducks raised in a household
Outbreak 17 Dhapakhel 1, Dhapakhel, Lalitpur, BAGMATI
Date of start of the outbreak 23/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 600 110 110 490 0
Affected population A commercial broiler farm in deep litter system
Outbreak 18 Mangalpur 8, Mangalpur, Chitwan, NARAYANI
Date of start of the outbreak 25/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (30/04/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 1500 382 382 1118 0
Affected population A commercial layer farm in deep litter system
Outbreak 19 Mangalpur 5, Mangalpur, Chitwan, NARAYANI
Date of start of the outbreak 29/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (02/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 2000 525 525 1475 0
Affected population A commercial layer farm in deep litter system
Outbreak 20 Mangalpur 5, Mangalpur, Chitwan, NARAYANI
Date of start of the outbreak 30/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (03/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 9000 983 983 8017 0
Affected population A commercial layer farm in deep litter system
Outbreak 21 Mangalpur 5, Mangalpur, Chitwan, NARAYANI
Date of start of the outbreak 30/04/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (04/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 9200 450 450 8750 0
Affected population Commercial layers in deep litter system
Outbreak 22 Mulpani, Mulpani 3, Kathmandu, BAGMATI
Date of start of the outbreak 06/05/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (13/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 2000 535 535 1465 0
Affected population A commercial layer farm raised in deep litter system with birds of several ages
Outbreak 23 Marchabar 8, Marchabar, Rupandehi, LUMBINI
Date of start of the outbreak 07/05/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (14/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 200 194 194 6 0
Affected population A commercial broiler farm in deep litter system
Outbreak 24 Lekhnath 13, Tallo Gagangauda, Kaski, GANDAKI
Date of start of the outbreak 08/05/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (14/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 750 195 195 555 0
Affected population Giriraj birds raised for meat purpose in deep litter system
Outbreak 25 Mangalpur 3, Mangalpur, Chitwan, NARAYANI
Date of start of the outbreak 08/05/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (12/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 1000 224 224 776 0
Affected population A commercial layer farm in deep litter system
Outbreak 26 Manikhel 1, Manikhel, Lalitpur, BAGMATI
Date of start of the outbreak 09/05/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (14/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 3150 262 262 2888 0
Affected population A commercial broiler of 42 days of age raised in deep litter system
Outbreak 27 Mangalpur 9, Mangalpur, Chitwan, NARAYANI
Date of start of the outbreak 11/05/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (14/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 5000 422 422 4578 0
Affected population A commercial layer parent stock in deep litter system
Outbreak 28 Kirtipur N P 1, Tangla, Kathmandu, BAGMATI
Date of start of the outbreak 12/05/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (15/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 250 55 55 195 0
Affected population A commercial broiler farm in deep litter system raised in household
Outbreak 29 Mangalpur 3, Mangalpur, Chitwan, NARAYANI
Date of start of the outbreak 13/05/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (16/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 2000 280 280 1720 0
Affected population A commercial layer farm in deep litter system
Outbreak 30 Dhapasi 6, Dhapasi, Kathmandu, BAGMATI
Date of start of the outbreak 17/05/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (21/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 900 90 90 810 0
Affected population A commercial mixed farm having chicken and duck in deep litter system
Outbreak 31 Mangalpur 3, Mangalpur, Chitwan, NARAYANI
Date of start of the outbreak 19/05/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (21/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 1800 378 378 1422 0
Affected population A commercial layer flock in deep litter system
Outbreak 32 Mangalpur 3, Mangalpur, Chitwan, NARAYANI
Date of start of the outbreak 20/05/2013
Outbreak status Resolved (22/05/2013)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 4000 535 535 3465 0
Affected population A commercial layer flock in deep litter system
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 32
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 122334 42653 42653 79681 0
House Crow:Corvus splendens(Corvidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 34.87% 34.87% 100.00% 100.00%
House Crow:Corvus splendens(Corvidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Birds showed respiratory distress, nervous signs and all affected birds died. Cleaning and disinfection activities in the infected premises are completed. Intensive surveillance activities are ongoing throughout the country.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Stamping out
  • Quarantine
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
  • Dipping / Spraying
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations