Bovine spongiform encephalopathy,
Germany
Information received on 25/02/2014 from Dr. Karin Schwabenbauer, Ministerial Dirigentin and Chief Veterinary Officer , Directorate of Animal Health, Animal Welfare, Bundesministerium für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft (BMEL) , Bonn, Germany
Summary
Report type Immediate notification (Final report)
Date of start of the event 30/01/2014
Date of confirmation of the event 04/02/2014
Report date 25/02/2014
Date submitted to OIE 25/02/2014
Date event resolved 13/02/2014
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 16/01/2014
Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
Causal agent Prion (atypical BSE H-type)
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Prädikow, Prötzel, Märkisch-Oderland, BRANDENBURG
Date of start of the outbreak 30/01/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (13/02/2014)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 714 1 0 1 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 714 1 0 1 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 0.14% 0.00% 0.00% 0.14%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments As part of the German targeted bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) surveillance system, a BSE-case classified as atypical (H-type) was identified in a cow at slaughter. An epidemiological investigation of the event was conducted. The summary of the event is as follows: - The cow was slaughtered on 30.01.2014 at the age of eleven years and four months without clinical signs. - Results from the immuno blot tests at the NRL (Friedrich Loeffler-Institute) confirmed the animal positive for atypical BSE of the H-type, a very rare form of the disease not associated with feeding. - The animal´s carcass has been destroyed. The identified animal did not enter the food channels; at no time it presented any risk to human health. - The epidemiological investigation identified eight offspring cattle, three of which were already slaughtered, one of which has been fallen and four of which have been traded to another Member State. The tracing of the bovines born on the farm from one year before until one year after the birth of the identified cow revealed 371 bovines (177 have been already slaughtered, 63 were fallen stock, 3 have been traded within the territory of Germany, 127 have been traded to other States, one has been culled and destroyed). The OIE does not recognize an atypical form of BSE as a distinct entity for the purpose of its international standards; it is not mentioned in the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code, which does not distinguish between different forms of BSE.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Modified stamping out
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Friedrich Loeffler-Institute (National laboratory) Cattle western blot 04/02/2014 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations