MERS-CoV,
Kuwait
Information received on 11/06/2014 from Mrs. Hanadi Ghuloom Abdul Rahman Mohammad, Deputy Director General for Animal Health, Animal Health Department, Public Authority for Agriculture Affairs & Fish Resources, Safat, Kuwait
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 06/05/2014
Date of confirmation of the event 10/06/2014
Report date 11/06/2014
Date submitted to OIE 11/06/2014
Date event resolved 09/07/2014
Reason for notification Emerging disease
Morbidity 7.9 %
Mortality 0 %
Zoonotic impact No
Causal agent MERS-CoV
Related reports Immediate notification (11/06/2014)
Follow-up report No. 1 (12/11/2014)
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 Nuwaisseb, Nuwaisseb, Nuwaisseb, Al Ahmadi
Date of start of the outbreak 06/05/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (09/07/2014)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Camelidae 25 2 0 0 0
Outbreak 2 Abdaly, Abdaly, Abdaly, Al Jahrah
Date of start of the outbreak 06/05/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (09/07/2014)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Camelidae 38 3 0 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Camelidae 63 5 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Camelidae 7.94% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments During surveillance, nasal swabs were collected from 63 camels that were apparently healthy in Abdaly and Al Nuwaisseb areas of Al Jahrah and Al Ahmadi governorates, respectively. Five positive cases for MERS-CoV were identified by RT-PCR at the Veterinary and Research Laboratory in Kuwait. The Ministry of Public Health collected samples from the contact persons in the farms; results of these samples were proved as negative.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Quarantine
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Veterinary and Research Laboratory (National laboratory) Camelidae reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 10/06/2014 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations