Bluetongue,
Italy
Information received on 09/09/2014 from Dr Silvio Borrello, Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Safety and Collegial Bodies for Health Protection, Ministère de la Santé, Department for Veterinary Public Health, Rome, Italy
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 19
Date of start of the event 26/09/2013
Date of confirmation of the event 27/09/2013
Report date 09/09/2014
Date submitted to OIE 09/09/2014
Date event resolved 02/02/2018
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bluetongue virus
Serotype 1
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (01/10/2013)
Follow-up report No. 1 (08/10/2013)
Follow-up report No. 2 (22/10/2013)
Follow-up report No. 3 (03/12/2013)
Follow-up report No. 4 (13/12/2013)
Follow-up report No. 5 (19/12/2013)
Follow-up report No. 6 (24/12/2013)
Follow-up report No. 7 (08/01/2014)
Follow-up report No. 8 (10/01/2014)
Follow-up report No. 9 (24/01/2014)
Follow-up report No. 10 (04/02/2014)
Follow-up report No. 11 (17/02/2014)
Follow-up report No. 12 (07/03/2014)
Follow-up report No. 13 (05/05/2014)
Follow-up report No. 14 (29/05/2014)
Follow-up report No. 15 (18/07/2014)
Follow-up report No. 16 (05/08/2014)
Follow-up report No. 17 (27/08/2014)
Follow-up report No. 18 (02/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 19 (09/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 20 (25/09/2014)
Follow-up report No. 21 (03/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 22 (21/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 23 (30/10/2014)
Follow-up report No. 24 (12/11/2014)
Follow-up report No. 25 (24/11/2014)
Follow-up report No. 26 (03/12/2014)
Follow-up report No. 27 (02/02/2018)
New outbreaks (29)
Outbreak 1 (201) CUTRO, CROTONE, Calabria
Date of start of the outbreak 31/07/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 181 17 3 0 0
Outbreak 2 (370) CUTRO *, CROTONE, Calabria
Date of start of the outbreak 31/07/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 114 12 12 0 0
Outbreak 3 (388) MELISSA, CROTONE, Calabria
Date of start of the outbreak 04/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Goats 172 0 0 0 0
Sheep 74 58 0 0 0
Outbreak 4 (417) GIFFONI VALLE PIANA, SALERNO, Campania
Date of start of the outbreak 07/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 8 3 0 0 0
Outbreak 5 (371) CROTONE, CROTONE, Calabria
Date of start of the outbreak 08/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 162 30 10 0 0
Outbreak 6 (384) GIFFONI VALLE PIANA, SALERNO, Campania
Date of start of the outbreak 08/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Buffaloes 22 6 0 0 0
Outbreak 7 (387) MELISSA, CROTONE, Calabria
Date of start of the outbreak 11/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Goats 93 10 3 0 0
Sheep 96 33 1 0 0
Outbreak 8 (391) POGGIO PICENZE, L'AQUILA, Abruzzo
Date of start of the outbreak 11/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 21 1 0 0 0
Affected population The positivity regards a sentinel animal
Outbreak 9 (227) STRONGOLI, CROTONE, Calabria
Date of start of the outbreak 12/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 175 66 2 0 0
Outbreak 10 (394) MONTANO ANTILIA, SALERNO, Campania
Date of start of the outbreak 18/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 16 1 0 0 0
Affected population The positivity regards a sentinel animal
Outbreak 11 (366) ISOLA DI CAPO RIZZUTO, CROTONE, Calabria
Date of start of the outbreak 22/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 300 15 11 0 0
Outbreak 12 (398) TERNI, TERNI, Umbria
Date of start of the outbreak 24/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 65 26 3 0 0
Outbreak 13 (379) ACCETTURA, MATERA, Basilicata
Date of start of the outbreak 25/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 2 0 0 0 0
Sheep 20 4 0 0 0
Outbreak 14 (372) MASSA MARTANA, PERUGIA, Umbria
Date of start of the outbreak 25/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 35 2 0 0 0
Outbreak 15 (399) STRONCONE, TERNI, Umbria
Date of start of the outbreak 26/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 300 5 1 0 0
Outbreak 16 (400) NARNI, TERNI, Umbria
Date of start of the outbreak 26/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 24 3 0 0 0
Outbreak 17 (401) NARNI *, TERNI, Umbria
Date of start of the outbreak 26/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 377 8 1 0 0
Outbreak 18 (402) TIVOLI, ROMA, Lazio
Date of start of the outbreak 29/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 400 7 5 0 0
Outbreak 19 (374) MESORACA, CROTONE, Calabria
Date of start of the outbreak 29/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 214 20 7 0 0
Outbreak 20 (368) MELISSA, CROTONE, Calabria
Date of start of the outbreak 29/08/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 5 0 0 0 0
Goats 24 0 0 0 0
Sheep 132 15 1 0 0
Outbreak 21 (369) MELISSA, CROTONE, Calabria
Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 26 0 0 0 0
Sheep 72 7 0 0 0
Outbreak 22 (381) MONTELLA, AVELLINO, Campania
Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 24 1 0 0 0
Affected population The positivity regards a sentinel animal
Outbreak 23 (406) TEGGIANO, SALERNO, Campania
Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 5 1 0 0 0
Affected population The positivity regards a sentinel animal
Outbreak 24 (407) SASSANO, SALERNO, Campania
Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 6 1 0 0 0
Outbreak 25 (408) SALA CONSILINA, SALERNO, Campania
Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 10 1 0 0 0
Affected population The positivity regards a sentinel animal
Outbreak 26 (409) PADULA, SALERNO, Campania
Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 10 1 0 0 0
Affected population The positivity regards a sentinel animal
Outbreak 27 (396) ROCCHETTA A VOLTURNO, ISERNIA, Molise
Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 17 2 0 0 0
Affected population The positivity regards sentinel animals
Outbreak 28 (397) ROCCHETTA A VOLTURNO *, ISERNIA, Molise
Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 38 3 0 0 0
Affected population The positivity regards sentinel animals
Outbreak 29 (390) GIOI, SALERNO, Campania
Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Buffaloes 51 1 0 0 0
Affected population The positivity regards a sentinel animal
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 29
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep 2706 326 57 0 0
Goats 289 10 3 0 0
Cattle 223 17 0 0 0
Buffaloes 73 7 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Sheep 12.05% 2.11% 17.48% 2.11%
Goats 3.46% 1.04% 30.00% 1.04%
Cattle 7.62% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Buffaloes 9.59% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Vectors
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZSAM), Teramo (National laboratory) Buffaloes seroneutralization test (SNT) 02/09/2014 Positive
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZSAM), Teramo (National laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 08/09/2014 Positive
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZSAM), Teramo (National laboratory) Goats polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 01/09/2014 Positive
Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZSAM), Teramo (National laboratory) Sheep polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 06/09/2014 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations