Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry),
Belize
Information received on 23/01/2015 from Dr. Miguel Angel DePaz, Chief Veterinary Officer, Animal Health Department, Belize Agricultural Health Authority (BAHA), Central Farm, Belize
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 03/12/2014
Date of confirmation of the event 14/01/2015
Report date 23/01/2015
Date submitted to OIE 23/01/2015
Date event resolved 09/06/2015
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
Causal agent Low pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N2
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (23/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 1 (10/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 2 (13/05/2015)
Follow-up report No. 3 (17/07/2015)
Follow-up report No. 4 (14/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 5 (11/09/2015)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 (CY1501) Spanish Lookout, Cayo, Spanish Lookout, CAYO
Date of start of the outbreak 03/12/2014
Outbreak status Resolved (09/06/2015)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 298948 82145 0 82145 0
Affected population Broiler breeder farms with flock ages being 22 weeks, 38 weeks and 39 weeks. Affected flocks have not shown any clinical signs.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 298948 82145 0 82145 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 27.48% 0.00% 0.00% 27.48%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments All breeder flocks are routinely sampled for avian influenza under the Belize Poultry Improvement Plan Avian Influenza Programme. Hence affected flocks were detected under routine monitoring as there are no clinical signs associated with the event. Spanish Lookout is a major poultry production area in Belize and has 14 breeder flocks with a total of 63,800 birds and an unknown number of layer flocks and broilers.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Quarantine
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Modified stamping out
  • Zoning
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Belize (National laboratory) Birds agar-gel precipitation (AGP) test 14/01/2015 Positive
National Veterinary Services Laboratory, USDA, United States of America (OIE Reference Laboratory) Birds haemagglutination inhibition test (HIT) 22/01/2015 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations