Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Romania
Information received on 30/03/2015 from Dr Maximilian Dragan, General Director, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Bucharest, Romania
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 25/03/2015
Date of confirmation of the event 27/03/2015
Report date 30/03/2015
Date submitted to OIE 30/03/2015
Date event resolved 28/04/2015
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 04/2010
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N1
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (30/03/2015)
Follow-up report No. 1 (20/04/2015)
Follow-up report No. 2 (28/04/2015)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Sinoe Lake, Ceaplace island, CONSTANTA
Date of start of the outbreak 25/03/2015
Outbreak status Resolved (28/04/2015)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dalmatian pelican:Pelecanus crispus(Pelecanidae) 250 64 64 0 0
Affected population A colony of approximately 250 birds
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dalmatian pelican:Pelecanus crispus(Pelecanidae) 250 64 64 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Dalmatian pelican:Pelecanus crispus(Pelecanidae) 25.60% 25.60% 100.00% 25.60%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments On 25 March, the County Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Directorate (CSVFSD) of Tulcea was notified by the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve Administration (ARBDD) about the identification of 64 carcasses of pelicans in an inhabited area, on Ceaplace island, Sinoe lake. This area is located at the border of Tulcea and Constanta Counties, and no other localities with domestic birds are found on a radius more than 10 km. The entire population of pelicans counted initially more than 250 birds, adults and young. Excluding the dead pelicans (found in different stages of putrefaction), no other birds were observed with clinical signs in the area. Also, in the area were observed other birds species, still unspecified.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Screening
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health (National laboratory) Dalmatian pelican reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 30/03/2015 Positive
Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health (National laboratory) Dalmatian pelican virus isolation 27/03/2015 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations