Rabies,
France
Information received on 22/05/2015 from Dr Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt, Paris, France
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 16/05/2015
Date of confirmation of the event 21/05/2015
Report date 22/05/2015
Date submitted to OIE 22/05/2015
Date event resolved 18/05/2015
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 04/2014
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Lyssavirus (RABV type Africa 1)
Serotype RABV
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (22/05/2015)
Follow-up report No. 1 (16/11/2015)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Le Chambon Feugerolles, Loire, RHONE-ALPES
Date of start of the outbreak 16/05/2015
Outbreak status Resolved (18/05/2015)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 0
Affected population On 16 May 2015, a seven-month-old dog showed signs of aggressiveness, having bitten several people and another dog, associated with hyperthermia, which led the owners to see their veterinarian. Given the risk of rabies, the dog was placed under quarantine at the veterinarian’s. During this surveillance, the animal died on the night from 17 to 18 May. A rabies investigation was then launched and the Pasteur Institute confirmed the diagnosis on 21 May 2015.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Dogs 1 1 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Dogs ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Illegal movement of animals
Epidemiological comments The dog was introduced illegally (minimum age not reached, no vaccination and no identification) in France from Hungary in late December 2014. Despite surveillance imposed by the French authorities, the dog’s owners stayed with their animal in Algeria from 21 April to 7 May 2015, again without respecting the regulations on movements of domestic carnivores. During this stay, the dog would have run away. After returning from Algeria, the animal stayed on the same site from 7 May until the quarantine at the veterinarian’s on 16 May. During this period, the animal was in contact with at least 9 people and a dog. The typing of the virus strain (type Africa 1) confirms contamination of the animal during the stay in Algeria. Following confirmation of the diagnosis, a regulated zone was put in place in order to limit the movements of domestic carnivores, to establish increased surveillance and to strengthen the capture of stray animals. Carnivores non properly vaccinated that could have had contact with the case will be euthanized. Carnivores properly vaccinated that could have had contact with the case will be under clinical monitoring for 6 months.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Quarantine
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Pasteur Institute (Paris) (National laboratory) Dogs 21/05/2015 Positive
Pasteur Institute (Paris) (National laboratory) Dogs direct immunofluorescence (DIF) test 20/05/2015 Positive
Pasteur Institute (Paris) (National laboratory) Dogs pathogen isolation on cell culture 21/05/2015 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations