Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry),
Mexico
Information received on 14/08/2015 from MVZ Joaquín Braulio Delgadillo Álvarez, Director General de Salud Animal, Servicio Nacional de Sanidad, Inocuidad y Calidad Agroalimentaria (SENASICA) Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación, Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación, México, Mexico
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 24/07/2015
Date of confirmation of the event 10/08/2015
Report date 14/08/2015
Date submitted to OIE 14/08/2015
Date event resolved 23/09/2015
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
Causal agent Low pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N2
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (14/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 1 (11/02/2016)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 El Rosario, El Rosario, SINALOA
Date of start of the outbreak 24/07/2015
Outbreak status Resolved (23/09/2015)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 433093 1082 1082 432011 0
Affected population Commercial layers
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 433093 1082 1082 432011 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 0.25% 0.25% 100.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Following the epidemiological surveillance activities carried out by the Veterinary Services of Mexico, avian influenza subtype H5N2 has been identified ; the intravenous pathogenicity test revealed that it corresponds to a low pathogenic avian influenza virus. The virus was isolated in a commercial farm of laying hens in the State of Sinaloa. The corresponding epidemiological investigation was initiated, including sampling in 4 industrial poultry farms and in 33 backyard poultry farms located in the 10-km zone around the outbreak, with a total of 720 samples of blood serum and tracheal and cloacal swabs, without detecting evidence of virus circulation. The production unit has been quarantined and a sanitary barrier has been set up. A humanely slaughter of birds programme will be launched even though it is a virus of low pathogenicity. Note by the OIE Animal Health Information Department: H5 and H7 avian influenza in its low pathogenic form in poultry is a notifiable disease as per Chapter 10.4. on avian influenza of the Terrestrial Animal Health Code (2015).
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Quarantine
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Stamping out
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Biosafety Level 3 Laboratory of SENASICA (National laboratory) Birds intravenous pathogenicity index (IVPI) test 10/08/2015 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations