Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Nigeria
Information received on 11/01/2016 from Dr Egejuru Eze, Chief Veterinary Officer, Federal Department of Veterinary and Pest Control Services, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Abuja, Nigeria
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 17
Date of start of the event 02/01/2015
Date of confirmation of the event 08/01/2015
Report date 11/01/2016
Date submitted to OIE 11/01/2016
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 27/07/2008
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N1
Nature of diagnosis Suspicion, Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (09/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 1 (16/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 2 (23/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 3 (02/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 4 (19/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 5 (02/03/2015)
Follow-up report No. 6 (13/05/2015)
Follow-up report No. 7 (22/06/2015)
Follow-up report No. 8 (07/07/2015)
Follow-up report No. 9 (04/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 10 (26/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 11 (14/09/2015)
Follow-up report No. 12 (19/09/2015)
Follow-up report No. 13 (08/10/2015)
Follow-up report No. 14 (16/11/2015)
Follow-up report No. 15 (15/12/2015)
Follow-up report No. 16 (04/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 17 (11/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 18 (13/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 19 (19/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 20 (21/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 21 (25/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 22 (26/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 23 (02/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 24 (04/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 25 (08/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 26 (09/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 27 (11/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 28 (15/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 29 (17/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 30 (22/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 31 (29/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 32 (04/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 33 (07/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 34 (08/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 35 (14/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 36 (20/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 37 (29/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 38 (03/04/2016)
Follow-up report No. 39 (06/06/2016)
Follow-up report No. 40 (09/06/2016)
Follow-up report No. 41 (27/09/2016)
Follow-up report No. 42 (09/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 43 (28/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 44 (06/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 45 (13/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 46 (21/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 47 (03/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 48 (13/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 49 (20/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 50 (29/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 51 (04/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 52 (10/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 53 (24/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 54 (08/05/2017)
Follow-up report No. 55 (02/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 56 (15/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 57 (28/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 58 (18/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 59 (02/08/2017)
Follow-up report No. 60 (07/09/2017)
Follow-up report No. 61 (19/09/2017)
Follow-up report No. 62 (03/10/2017)
Follow-up report No. 63 (30/10/2017)
Follow-up report No. 64 (13/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 65 (27/11/2017)
New outbreaks (9)
Outbreak 1 Karu, Karu, NASARAWA
Date of start of the outbreak 02/01/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (06/01/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 10500 1635 1635 8865 0
Affected population 40 weeks old layers
Outbreak 2 Kumbotso, Kumbotso, KANO
Date of start of the outbreak 03/01/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (09/01/2016)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 530 30 30 500 0
Affected population 19 weeks old layers
Outbreak 3 Tofa, Tofa, KANO
Date of start of the outbreak 04/01/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (08/01/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 2000 46 46 1954 0
Affected population 22 weeks old layers
Outbreak 4 Gwagwalada, Gwagwalada, FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY
Date of start of the outbreak 04/01/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (08/01/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 1125 112 112 1013 0
Affected population 3-10 weeks old broilers and layers
Outbreak 5 Kano, Kano Municipal Council, KANO
Date of start of the outbreak 04/01/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (09/01/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 6900 171 171 6279 0
Affected population Layers of unknown age
Outbreak 6 Bukuru, Jos South, PLATEAU
Date of start of the outbreak 05/01/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (09/01/2016)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 1000 76 76 924 0
Affected population 16 weeks old layers
Outbreak 7 T/Wada, T/wada, KANO
Date of start of the outbreak 05/01/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (09/01/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 2500 300 300 2200 0
Affected population 38 and 65 weeks old layers
Outbreak 8 Kuje, Kuje, FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY
Date of start of the outbreak 06/01/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (10/01/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 80000 20000 20000 60000 0
Affected population Layers of unknown age
Outbreak 9 Kumbotso, Kumbotso, KANO
Date of start of the outbreak 06/01/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (09/01/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 5635 83 83 5552 0
Affected population 38 weeks old layers
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 9
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 110190 22453 22453 87287 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 20.38% 20.38% 100.00% 99.59%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Poor farm biosecurity
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Quarantine
  • Stamping out
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 07/01/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 06/01/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 07/01/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 08/01/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 09/01/2016 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 09/01/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations