Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
France
Information received on 11/01/2016 from Dr Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt, Paris, France
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 8
Date of start of the event 27/11/2015
Date of confirmation of the event 30/11/2015
Report date 11/01/2016
Date submitted to OIE 11/01/2016
Date event resolved 09/08/2016
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N2
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (02/12/2015)
Follow-up report No. 1 (08/12/2015)
Follow-up report No. 2 (10/12/2015)
Follow-up report No. 3 (14/12/2015)
Follow-up report No. 4 (15/12/2015)
Follow-up report No. 5 (22/12/2015)
Follow-up report No. 6 (24/12/2015)
Follow-up report No. 7 (04/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 8 (11/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 9 (12/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 10 (15/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 11 (19/07/2016)
Follow-up report No. 12 (09/08/2016)
Follow-up report No. 13 (10/10/2016)
Follow-up report No. 14 (16/05/2017)
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 (66) TOULOUZETTE, TOULOUZETTE, LANDES
Date of start of the outbreak 24/12/2015
Outbreak status Resolved (05/01/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 5450 2500 2500 2950 0
Affected population Mortality in a holding affecting 2,500 chickens out of a total of 4,400 in the farm lead to samples being taken for clinical suspicion. On 5 January 2016, the National Reference laboratory confirmed the presence of H5N2 virus. The chickens, the 800 ducks ready to start the gavage process, the 150 ducks already in gavage process and the 100 hens were destroyed on 5 January 2016.
Outbreak 2 (67) GABAT, GABAT, PYRÉNÉES-ATLANTIQUES
Date of start of the outbreak 02/01/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (07/01/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 18750 4000 4000 14750 0
Affected population Mortality in a holding affecting 4,000 broilers out of a lot of 12,000 lead to clinical suspicion. On 6 January 2016, the National Reference laboratory confirmed the presence of highly pathogenic H5 virus, without precising the N type involved. All broilers, the 5,500 ducks ready to start the gavage process and the 1,250 ducks already in gavage process were destroyed on 7 January 2016.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 24200 6500 6500 17700 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 26.86% 26.86% 100.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Traceability
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Stamping out
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
ANSES National Reference Laboratory for avian influenza and Newcastle disease (National laboratory) Birds nucleotide sequencing 05/01/2016 Positive
ANSES National Reference Laboratory for avian influenza and Newcastle disease (National laboratory) Birds nucleotide sequencing 06/01/2016 Positive
ANSES National Reference Laboratory for avian influenza and Newcastle disease (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 05/01/2016 Positive
ANSES National Reference Laboratory for avian influenza and Newcastle disease (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 06/01/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations