Camelpox,
Israel
Information received on 27/07/2016 from Dr Nadav Galon, Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, BET DAGAN, Israel
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 01/07/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 26/07/2016
Report date 27/07/2016
Date submitted to OIE 27/07/2016
Date event resolved 05/08/2016
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Camelpox virus
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (27/07/2016)
Follow-up report No. 1 (18/10/2016)
New outbreaks (3)
Outbreak 1 (TEL ARAD) TEL ARAD, Beer-Sheva, Hadarom
Date of start of the outbreak 01/07/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (05/08/2016)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Camelidae 16 3 0 0 0
Affected population Classical clinical symptoms.
Outbreak 2 (MULADA) MULADA, Beer Sheva, Hadarom
Date of start of the outbreak 03/07/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (01/08/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Camelidae 36 11 0 0 0
Affected population Clinical symptoms: Fever, loss of appetite, weakness, abortions, multifocal lesions on the skin and mucosa, 2-10 mm papules on the skin in the early stages of the disease. Purulent lesions in later stage.
Outbreak 3 (KUSEIFE) KUSEIFE, Beer-Sheva, Hadarom
Date of start of the outbreak 05/07/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (01/08/2016)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Camelidae 10 8 0 0 0
Affected population Classical clinical symptoms. Two affected herds in the same village.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 3
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Camelidae 62 22 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Camelidae 35.48% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Dromedary camels belonging to Bedouins in the Negev desert. Most of the affected camels are adult animals, most of them are females. The samples are planned to be sent to the Reference laboratory of the OIE.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Israel Institute for Biological Research (National laboratory) Camelidae electron microscopy 24/07/2016 Positive
Israel Institute for Biological Research (National laboratory) Camelidae polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 24/07/2016 Positive
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Virology Division (National laboratory) Camelidae pathogen isolation by egg inoculation 25/07/2016 Positive
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Virology Division (National laboratory) Camelidae polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 26/07/2016 Positive
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Virology Division (National laboratory) Camelidae real-time PCR 24/07/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations