Foot and mouth disease,
Saudi Arabia
Information received on 14/11/2016 from Dr Mohammed Alblowi, Director General, Diagnostic Veterinary Laboratories, Ministry of Enviroment, Water and Agriculture, Riyadh , Saudi Arabia
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 14/10/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 20/10/2016
Report date 14/11/2016
Date submitted to OIE 14/11/2016
Date event resolved 28/11/2016
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 15/11/2015
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype A
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (14/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 1 (21/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 2 (15/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 3 (21/03/2017)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Alkharj, Alkharj, AR RIYAD
Date of start of the outbreak 14/10/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (28/11/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 60817 1020 0 0 0
Sheep 250 2 0 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 60817 1020 0 0 0
Sheep 250 2 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 1.68% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Sheep 0.80% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments The outbreak was first detected in Aldanah farm of Almarai Company on Friday 14th of October, then detected in Alfanar Farm of Almarai Company. Active surveillance revealed some cases in two other farms (4 and 2 km respectively North to Alfanar farm); control measures were conducted.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Quarantine
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Riyadh Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle real-time PCR 20/10/2016 Positive
Riyadh Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (National laboratory) Sheep real-time PCR 23/10/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations