Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Israel
Information received on 25/12/2016 from Dr Nadav Galon, Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, BET DAGAN, Israel
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 3
Date of start of the event 09/11/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 13/11/2016
Report date 25/12/2016
Date submitted to OIE 25/12/2016
Date event resolved 14/02/2017
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (13/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 1 (24/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 2 (05/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 3 (25/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 4 (23/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 5 (24/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 6 (16/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 7 (08/04/2017)
New outbreaks (17)
Outbreak 1 (PARAN) PARAN, Beer-Sheva, HADAROM
Date of start of the outbreak 30/11/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (08/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae) 2 2 0 0
Affected population 69 aquatic birds from several species were found dead in the same location. Decayed carcasses have been sent to KVI. The virus was found in 2 mallards only.
Outbreak 2 (SHAFIR) SHAFIR, Ashkelon, HADAROM
Date of start of the outbreak 05/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (09/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 23000 1000 22000 0
Affected population 14-weeks-old meat turkeys divided in four pens.
Outbreak 3 (HAZOR-ASHDOD) HAZOR-ASHDOD, Ashkelon, HADAROM
Date of start of the outbreak 06/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (10/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 1500 500 1000 0
Affected population 19-weeks-old meat turkeys.
Outbreak 4 (BE''''''''''''''''ER TOVIYYA (2)) BE''''''''''''''''ER TOVIYYA, Ashkelon, HADAROM
Date of start of the outbreak 06/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (09/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 22000 2000 500 21500 0
Affected population 25-weeks-old heavy breeders divided in three pens.
Outbreak 5 (MASSU''''OT YIZHAQ) MASSU''''OT YIZHAQ, Ashkelon, HADAROM
Date of start of the outbreak 07/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (11/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 26000 100 25900 0
Affected population 60-weeks-old heavy breeders divided in six pens.
Outbreak 6 (BE''''ER TOVIYYA (3)) BE''''ER TOVIYYA, Ashkelon, HADAROM
Date of start of the outbreak 09/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (13/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 11000 100 10900 0
Affected population 51-weeks-old light breeders in one pen.
Outbreak 7 (KEFAR MENAHEM) KEFAR MENAHEM, Ashkelon, HADAROM
Date of start of the outbreak 10/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (12/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Greylag Goose:Anser anser(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population Hyperthermia. Acute death.
Outbreak 8 (ZOR''''A) ZOR''''A, Jerusalem, YERUSHALAYIM
Date of start of the outbreak 12/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (16/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 19900 500 19400 0
Affected population 11-weeks-old turkeys divided in four pens.
Outbreak 9 (HULA RESERVE) HULA RESERVE, Tsefat, HAZAFON
Date of start of the outbreak 17/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (19/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Peregrin falcon:Falco peregrinus(Falconidae) 1 1 0 0
Common Crane:Grus grus(Gruidae) 2 2 0 0
Glossy Ibis:Plegadis falcinellus(Threskiornithidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population The falcon showed weakness, imbalance, and breathing problems (18/12/16). One of the cranes was weak and unable to fly, and died (18/12/16). The second one was found dead (02/01/17). The Ibis was found dead (17/12/16)
Outbreak 10 (ROSH HAAYIN) Nahal Taninim Reserve, Hadera, HAIFA
Date of start of the outbreak 17/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (19/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Pygmy cormorant:Phalacrocorax pygmaeus(Phalacrocoracidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 11 (MA''''''''''''''''YAN ZEVI) MA''''''''''''''''YAN ZEVI, Hadera, HAIFA
Date of start of the outbreak 18/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (22/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 7000 200 6800 0
Affected population 38-weeks-old turkey breeders divided in four pens.
Outbreak 12 (JERUSALEM) BET MEIR, Jerusalem, YERUSHALAYIM
Date of start of the outbreak 20/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (21/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Peregrin falcon:Falco peregrinus(Falconidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 13 (MA’AGAN MIKHA’EL) MA’AGAN MIKHA’EL, Hadera, HAIFA
Date of start of the outbreak 21/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (25/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Great Egret:Ardea alba(Ardeidae) 6 6 0 0
Armenian Gull:Larus armenicus(Laridae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population The birds were found dead.
Outbreak 14 (KEFAR VITKIN) KEFAR VITKIN, HaSharon, HAMERKAZ
Date of start of the outbreak 22/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (25/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 9000 100
Affected population 18 weeks old meat turkeys.
Outbreak 15 (NAHAM) NAHAM, Jerusalem, YERUSHALAYIM
Date of start of the outbreak 24/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (31/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 3400 100 3300
Affected population 92 weeks old table eggs layers.
Outbreak 16 (BEN SHEMEN (MOSHAV)) BEN SHEMEN (forest), Ramla, HAMERKAZ
Date of start of the outbreak 24/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (25/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Forest
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population Lethargic, imbalance, head tilt, mild hyperthermia.
Outbreak 17 (NEVATIM) NEVATIM, Beer-Sheva, HADAROM
Date of start of the outbreak 24/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (25/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Barn Owl (Common Barn-Owl):Tyto alba(Tytonidae) 1 0 1 0
Affected population Found wounded in the wing. anorexia, weakness.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 17
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae) 2 2 0 0
Birds 122800 2000 ** 3100 110800 0
Greylag Goose:Anser anser(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Peregrin falcon:Falco peregrinus(Falconidae) 2 2 0 0
Common Crane:Grus grus(Gruidae) 2 2 0 0
Glossy Ibis:Plegadis falcinellus(Threskiornithidae) 1 1 0 0
Pygmy cormorant:Phalacrocorax pygmaeus(Phalacrocoracidae) 1 1 0 0
Great Egret:Ardea alba(Ardeidae) 6 6 0 0
Armenian Gull:Larus armenicus(Laridae) 1 1 0 0
Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae) 1 1 0 0
Barn Owl (Common Barn-Owl):Tyto alba(Tytonidae) 1 0 1 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Birds ** 2.52% ** **
Greylag Goose:Anser anser(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Peregrin falcon:Falco peregrinus(Falconidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Common Crane:Grus grus(Gruidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Glossy Ibis:Plegadis falcinellus(Threskiornithidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Pygmy cormorant:Phalacrocorax pygmaeus(Phalacrocoracidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Great Egret:Ardea alba(Ardeidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Armenian Gull:Larus armenicus(Laridae) ** ** 100.00% **
Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae) ** ** 100.00% **
Barn Owl (Common Barn-Owl):Tyto alba(Tytonidae) ** ** 0.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Contact with wild species
Epidemiological comments The farms are on the way of migrating birds flying from Europe to Africa.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Quarantine
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Dipping / Spraying for control of vectors or parasites
  • Stamping out
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Avian Diseases Division (National laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 25/12/2016 Positive
Kimron Veterinary Institute, Avian Diseases Division (National laboratory) Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard) real-time PCR 25/12/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations