Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Netherlands
Information received on 28/12/2016 from Dr Christianne Bruschke, Chief Veterinary Officer , Ministry of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Economic Affairs, The Hague, Netherlands
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 8
Date of start of the event 08/11/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 10/11/2016
Report date 28/12/2016
Date submitted to OIE 28/12/2016
Date event resolved 16/05/2017
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 04/2015
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in wild birds
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (11/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 1 (15/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 2 (18/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 3 (22/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 4 (29/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 5 (05/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 6 (14/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 7 (16/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 8 (28/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 9 (12/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 10 (01/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 11 (08/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 12 (17/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 13 (17/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 14 (14/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 15 (16/05/2017)
New outbreaks (11)
Outbreak 1 (HPAI 2016/27 WB) West-Graftdijk, NOORD-HOLLAND
Date of start of the outbreak 12/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (16/05/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Anatidae (unidentified):Anatidae (incognita)(Anatidae) 3 3 0 0
Outbreak 2 (HPAI WB 2016/28) Oldeboorn, FRIESLAND
Date of start of the outbreak 12/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (16/05/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae) 3 3 0 0
Outbreak 3 (HPAI WB 2016/29) Gouda, ZUID-HOLLAND
Date of start of the outbreak 12/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (16/05/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae) 3 3 0 0
Outbreak 4 (HPAI WB 2016/30) Reeuwijk, ZUID-HOLLAND
Date of start of the outbreak 12/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (16/05/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae) 16 16 0 0
Outbreak 5 (HPAI WB 2016/31) Groot Ammers, ZUID-HOLLAND
Date of start of the outbreak 13/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (16/05/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae) 4 4 0 0
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 6 (HPAI WB 2016/32) Vianen, UTRECHT
Date of start of the outbreak 13/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (16/05/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Anatidae (unidentified):Anatidae (incognita)(Anatidae) 3 3 0 0
Outbreak 7 (HPAI WB 2016/33) Gerkesklooster, FRIESLAND
Date of start of the outbreak 14/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (16/05/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae) 4 4 0 0
Outbreak 8 (HPAI WB 2016/34) Noorderhoogebrug, GRONINGEN
Date of start of the outbreak 14/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (16/05/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 9 (HPAI WB 2016/35) Lierderholthuis, OVERIJSSEL
Date of start of the outbreak 14/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (16/05/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Anatidae (unidentified):Anatidae (incognita)(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 10 (HPAI WB 2016/36) Steggerda, FRIESLAND
Date of start of the outbreak 16/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (16/05/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
White-tailed Eagle:Haliaeetus albicilla(Accipitridae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 11 (HPAI WB 2016/37) Wormer, NOORD-HOLLAND
Date of start of the outbreak 17/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (16/05/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae) 6 6 0 0
Greater White-fronted Goose:Anser albifrons(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 11
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Anatidae (unidentified):Anatidae (incognita)(Anatidae) 7 7 0 0
Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae) 36 36 0 0
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) 3 3 0 0
White-tailed Eagle:Haliaeetus albicilla(Accipitridae) 1 1 0 0
Greater White-fronted Goose:Anser albifrons(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Anatidae (unidentified):Anatidae (incognita)(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
White-tailed Eagle:Haliaeetus albicilla(Accipitridae) ** ** 100.00% **
Greater White-fronted Goose:Anser albifrons(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments H5N8 was confirmed in 48 wild birds found in wetland areas near West-Graftdijk, Oldeboorn, Gouda, Reeuwijk, Groot Ammers, Vianen Ut, Gerkesklooster, Noorderhoogebrug, Lierderholthuis, Steggerda and Wormer.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Wageningen Bioveterinary Research, Lelystad (National laboratory) Anatidae (unidentified) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 19/12/2016 Positive
Wageningen Bioveterinary Research, Lelystad (National laboratory) Anatidae (unidentified) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 21/12/2016 Positive
Wageningen Bioveterinary Research, Lelystad (National laboratory) Eurasian Wigeon polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 19/12/2016 Positive
Wageningen Bioveterinary Research, Lelystad (National laboratory) Eurasian Wigeon polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 21/12/2016 Positive
Wageningen Bioveterinary Research, Lelystad (National laboratory) Eurasian Wigeon polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 22/12/2016 Positive
Wageningen Bioveterinary Research, Lelystad (National laboratory) Greater White-fronted Goose polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 22/12/2016 Positive
Wageningen Bioveterinary Research, Lelystad (National laboratory) Mute Swan polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 19/12/2016 Positive
Wageningen Bioveterinary Research, Lelystad (National laboratory) Mute Swan polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 21/12/2016 Positive
Wageningen Bioveterinary Research, Lelystad (National laboratory) White-tailed Eagle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 21/12/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations