Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Kuwait
Information received on 23/01/2017 from Mrs. Hanadi Ghuloom Abdul Rahman Mohammad, Deputy Director General for Animal Health, Animal Health Department, Public Authority for Agriculture Affairs & Fish Resources, Safat, Kuwait
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 12/12/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 20/01/2017
Report date 22/01/2017
Date submitted to OIE 23/01/2017
Date event resolved 28/12/2016
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (22/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (09/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 2 (19/04/2017)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Sulaibiyah, Sulaibiyah, Al Jahrah, AL JAHRAH
Date of start of the outbreak 12/12/2016
Outbreak status Resolved (28/12/2016)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 285 200 144 141 0
Affected population Ducks, geese and pheasants
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 285 200 144 141 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 70.18% 50.53% 72.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Suspicious clinical cases as well as dead birds comprising ducks, geese and pheasants were detected for H5 subtype of avian influenza virus in the National Veterinary Laboratory. For further investigation, specimens were submitted to the Animal & Plant Health Agency, OIE Reference Laboratory, UK. Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed by the molecular sequencing method in the OIE Reference laboratory. As soon as H5 subtype was detected in the national laboratory, sick and contact birds kept in the affected premises were culled. Carcasses were deeply buried by applying appropriate disinfection procedures. Active clinical and serological surveillance were enhanced in surrounding areas of the affected premises. New cases or new outbreaks if any will be updated in the follow up reports.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Quarantine
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Stamping out
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary & Research Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 22/12/2016 Positive
Animal & Plant Health Agency, United Kingdom (OIE Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 20/01/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations