Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Romania
Information received on 01/02/2017 from Dr. Marius Grigore, Director, Head of Unit Animal Health Department General Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 11
Date of start of the event 22/11/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 24/11/2016
Report date 01/02/2017
Date submitted to OIE 01/02/2017
Date event resolved 27/04/2017
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (29/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 1 (05/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 2 (13/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 3 (20/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 4 (21/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 5 (09/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 6 (10/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 7 (12/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 8 (19/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 9 (27/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 10 (31/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 11 (01/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 12 (06/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 13 (07/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 14 (13/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 15 (16/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 16 (17/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 17 (22/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 18 (23/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 19 (27/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 20 (28/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 21 (03/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 22 (06/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 23 (07/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 24 (09/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 25 (10/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 26 (16/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 27 (21/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 28 (03/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 29 (12/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 30 (18/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 31 (27/04/2017)
New outbreaks (15)
Outbreak 1 Balta Doamnei, PRAHOVA
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 264 58 58 206 0
Outbreak 2 Bacau, BACAU
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 103 28 28 75 0
Outbreak 3 Crisan, TULCEA
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 19 11 11 8 0
Outbreak 4 C A Rosetti, TULCEA
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 26 2 2 24 0
Outbreak 5 Periprava, TULCEA
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 173 151 151 22 0
Outbreak 6 Piatra Neamt, NEAMT
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 2 2 0 0
Outbreak 7 Piatra Neamt, NEAMT
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 8 Mangalia, CONSTANTA
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Great black-backed Gull:Larus marinus(Laridae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 9 Mangalia, CONSTANTA
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 10 Constanta, CONSTANTA
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 2 2 0 0
Outbreak 11 Constanta, CONSTANTA
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak 12 Mangalia, CONSTANTA
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 9 9 0 0
Outbreak 13 Eforie Sud, CONSTANTA
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 4 4 0 0
Outbreak 14 Ivesti, GALATI
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 3 3 0 0
Outbreak 15 Liesti, GALATI
Date of start of the outbreak 27/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Common Teal:Anas crecca(Anatidae) 5 5 0 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 15
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 585 250 250 335 0
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 23 23 0 0
Great black-backed Gull:Larus marinus(Laridae) 1 1 0 0
Common Teal:Anas crecca(Anatidae) 5 5 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 42.74% 42.74% 100.00% 100.00%
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Great black-backed Gull:Larus marinus(Laridae) ** ** 100.00% **
Common Teal:Anas crecca(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Contact with wild species
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Disinfection
  • Stamping out
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health (National laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 30/01/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations