Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Nigeria
Information received on 06/02/2017 from Dr Gideon Mbursa Mshelbwala, Director, Veterinary Services, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, ABUJA, Nigeria
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 44
Date of start of the event 02/01/2015
Date of confirmation of the event 08/01/2015
Report date 06/02/2017
Date submitted to OIE 06/02/2017
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 27/07/2008
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N1
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (09/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 1 (16/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 2 (23/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 3 (02/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 4 (19/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 5 (02/03/2015)
Follow-up report No. 6 (13/05/2015)
Follow-up report No. 7 (22/06/2015)
Follow-up report No. 8 (07/07/2015)
Follow-up report No. 9 (04/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 10 (26/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 11 (14/09/2015)
Follow-up report No. 12 (19/09/2015)
Follow-up report No. 13 (08/10/2015)
Follow-up report No. 14 (16/11/2015)
Follow-up report No. 15 (15/12/2015)
Follow-up report No. 16 (04/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 17 (11/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 18 (13/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 19 (19/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 20 (21/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 21 (25/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 22 (26/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 23 (02/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 24 (04/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 25 (08/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 26 (09/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 27 (11/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 28 (15/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 29 (17/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 30 (22/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 31 (29/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 32 (04/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 33 (07/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 34 (08/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 35 (14/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 36 (20/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 37 (29/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 38 (03/04/2016)
Follow-up report No. 39 (06/06/2016)
Follow-up report No. 40 (09/06/2016)
Follow-up report No. 41 (27/09/2016)
Follow-up report No. 42 (09/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 43 (28/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 44 (06/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 45 (13/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 46 (21/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 47 (03/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 48 (13/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 49 (20/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 50 (29/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 51 (04/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 52 (10/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 53 (24/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 54 (08/05/2017)
Follow-up report No. 55 (02/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 56 (15/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 57 (28/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 58 (18/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 59 (02/08/2017)
Follow-up report No. 60 (07/09/2017)
Follow-up report No. 61 (19/09/2017)
Follow-up report No. 62 (03/10/2017)
Follow-up report No. 63 (30/10/2017)
Follow-up report No. 64 (13/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 65 (27/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 66 (09/01/2018)
Follow-up report No. 67 (02/02/2018)
Follow-up report No. 68 (17/04/2018)
Follow-up report No. 69 (15/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 70 (21/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 71 (05/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 72 (04/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 73 (03/10/2018)
Follow-up report No. 74 (15/01/2019)
Follow-up report No. 75 (27/02/2019)
Follow-up report No. 76 (15/04/2019)
New outbreaks (9)
Outbreak 1 Chikun, Chikun, Kaduna
Date of start of the outbreak 09/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (15/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 6500 547 547 5953 0
Affected population 15-week-old pullets
Outbreak 2 Bauchi, Bauchi
Date of start of the outbreak 10/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (15/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 120 6 6 114 0
Affected population 24-week-old layers
Outbreak 3 Bauchi, Bauchi, Bauchi
Date of start of the outbreak 12/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (15/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 43 3 3 40 0
Affected population Pullets of 17 weeks old
Outbreak 4 Kufang, Jos South, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 18/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (26/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 2500 350 20 2170 0
Affected population 32-week-old layers
Outbreak 5 Kufang, Jos South, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 20/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (26/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 1500 60 60 1440 0
Affected population 17-week-old pullets
Outbreak 6 Jos, Jos North, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 23/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 230 2 2 228 0
Affected population Pullet of 18 weeks
Outbreak 7 Jos, Jos North, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 23/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (27/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 4000 27 27 3973 0
Affected population 6 weeks old pullets
Outbreak 8 Kufang, Jos South, Plateau
Date of start of the outbreak 24/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (31/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 903 18 18 885 0
Affected population 20 weeks old layers
Outbreak 9 Kuje, Kuje, Federal Capital Territory
Date of start of the outbreak 28/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (31/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 130000 265 265 129735 0
Affected population 32 weeks old layers
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 9
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 145796 1278 948 144538 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 0.88% 0.65% 74.18% 99.79%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Poor farm biosecurity
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Disinfection
  • Quarantine
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Stamping out
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Traceability
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 26/01/2017 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 12/01/2017 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 13/01/2017 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 27/01/2017 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 27/01/2017 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 31/01/2017 Positive
National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (Regional Reference Laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 31/01/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations