Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Iran
Information received on 13/02/2017 from Dr Mehdi Khalaj, Head of IVO, Iran Veterinary Organization (IVO), Iran Veterinary Organization, Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture, Tehran, Iran
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 5
Date of start of the event 14/11/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 19/11/2016
Report date 13/02/2017
Date submitted to OIE 13/02/2017
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (21/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 1 (26/11/2016)
Follow-up report No. 2 (03/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 3 (18/12/2016)
Follow-up report No. 4 (07/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 5 (13/02/2017)
New outbreaks (16)
Outbreak 1 Kardgarmahalleh, Fereidoonkenar, Fereidoonkenar, MAZANDARAN
Date of start of the outbreak 06/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (08/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 800 520 400 400 0
Affected population backyard ducks
Outbreak 2 Jamshidabad, Savadkooh, Savadkooh, MAZANDARAN
Date of start of the outbreak 07/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (09/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 480 115 44 436 0
Affected population Backyard ducks, geese, chicken and turkey
Outbreak 3 Mangoodeh, Some sara, Some sara, GILAN
Date of start of the outbreak 09/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (11/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 1385 120 25 1360 0
Affected population Backyard chicken, duck and turkey
Outbreak 4 Fashkham, Some sara, Some sara, GILAN
Date of start of the outbreak 09/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (11/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 852 71 15 837 0
Affected population Backyard chicken, duck and turkey
Outbreak 5 Mianposhteh, Anzali, Anzali, GILAN
Date of start of the outbreak 09/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (09/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 2 2 0 0
Affected population wild swans in wetland
Outbreak 6 Vozaramahalle, Mahmoodabad, Mahmoodabad, MAZANDARAN
Date of start of the outbreak 11/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (11/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 27 27 0 0
Affected population wild swans in wetland
Outbreak 7 Balakasgarmahalle, Babolsar, Babolsar, MAZANDARAN
Date of start of the outbreak 12/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (12/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 111 50 16 95 0
Affected population ostrich
Outbreak 8 Jalali Farm, Najafabad, Najafabad, ESFAHAN
Date of start of the outbreak 15/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (16/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 4795 1100 715 4080 0
Affected population Turkey Commercial farm
Outbreak 9 Supertoyure Farm, Fuman, Fuman, GILAN
Date of start of the outbreak 20/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (22/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 73242 20100 13000 60242 0
Affected population layer breeder farm
Outbreak 10 Harimabad, Neishabour, Neishabour, RAZAVI KHORASAN
Date of start of the outbreak 20/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (21/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 1920 0 1920 0
Affected population partridge commercial farm
Outbreak 11 Toos Farm, Golmakan, Golmakan, RAZAVI KHORASAN
Date of start of the outbreak 22/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (23/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 58700 3250 1000 57700 0
Affected population Broiler breeder farm
Outbreak 12 Milani Farm, Neishabour, Neishabour, RAZAVI KHORASAN
Date of start of the outbreak 23/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (24/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 53651 11000 5000 48651 0
Affected population Commercial layer farm
Outbreak 13 Hemmatabad, Najafabad, Najafabad, ESFAHAN
Date of start of the outbreak 23/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (25/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 1004 0 1004 0
Affected population backyard chicken
Outbreak 14 Baran jooje Farm, Amol, Amol, MAZANDARAN
Date of start of the outbreak 25/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (26/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 29503 6000 83 29420 0
Affected population Broiler breeder farm
Outbreak 15 Minadasht, Falavarjan, Falavarjan, ESFAHAN
Date of start of the outbreak 29/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (29/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Hooded Crow:Corvus cornix(Corvidae) 10 10 0 0
Affected population Hooded crows in wetland
Outbreak 16 Noor lake, Lenjan, Lenjan, ESFAHAN
Date of start of the outbreak 30/01/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (30/01/2017)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Hooded Crow:Corvus cornix(Corvidae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population Hooded crow
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 16
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 226443 42326 ** 20298 206145 0
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) 29 29 0 0
Hooded Crow:Corvus cornix(Corvidae) 11 11 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds ** 8.96% ** 100.00%
Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Hooded Crow:Corvus cornix(Corvidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments 1- The event was reported according to the Iran Passive Surveillance in place. 2- A post-outbreak investigation to trace the source of infection is ongoing to detect the probable spread and circulation of this subtype. 3- Active surveillance is ongoing. 4- To reduce the poultry population at risk, 1,862,150 birds at farms in a three-kilometers radius around the affected farms or villages have been slaughtered after confirming to be negative for HPAI.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Screening
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Quarantine
  • Stamping out
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Zoning
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations