Foot and mouth disease,
Palestinian Auton. Territories
Information received on 20/02/2017 from Dr Iyad Adra, Director General of Veterinary Services & Animal Health, CVO, -, Ministry of Agriculture, Ramallah, Palestinian Auton. Territories
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 02/02/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 08/02/2017
Report date 20/02/2017
Date submitted to OIE 20/02/2017
Date event resolved 20/04/2017
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 30/04/2012
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype O
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (20/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (25/04/2017)
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 (A00283482) Gaza Strip, Tel alsultan, Rafah, GAZA STRIP
Date of start of the outbreak 02/02/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (20/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 385 77 19 0
Affected population The infected population was calves from 12 to 18 months of age that were introduced from or via Israel to many farms in Gaza Strip. Some of these calves were introduced from Europe to Gaza via Israel with only one shot of FMD vaccine in the Israeli quarantine.
Outbreak 2 (A00283479) Gaza, Nusairat, Jabalia, GAZA STRIP
Date of start of the outbreak 05/02/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (20/04/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 40 8 3 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 425 85 22 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 20.00% 5.18% 25.88% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Introduction of new live animals
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Disinfection
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Zoning
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Kimron Veterinary Institute Laboratory (Regional Reference Laboratory) Cattle pathogen isolation on cell culture 08/02/2017 Positive
Kimron Veterinary Institute Laboratory (Regional Reference Laboratory) Cattle real-time PCR 08/02/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations