Foot and mouth disease,
Jordan
Information received on 13/03/2017 from Dr Monther Al-Rifaļ, Assistant for secretary General for livestock, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Amman, Jordan
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 21/02/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 09/03/2017
Report date 13/03/2017
Date submitted to OIE 13/03/2017
Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 20/12/2006
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype O
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (13/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (20/03/2017)
New outbreaks (3)
Outbreak 1 Jiza, AMMAN
Date of start of the outbreak 21/02/2017
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Sheep 1900 300 150 0 0
Affected population The outbreak is located in the eastern part of the capital Amman. Sheep showed following signs: lameness, fever, drop in milk and deaths in neonates after ingestion of milk from ewes.
Outbreak 2 Der Alla, AL BALQA
Date of start of the outbreak 02/03/2017
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Goats 150 13 3 0 0
Affected population The outbreak is located in Jordan valley, Belqa governorate, Der Alla city. Goats showed lesions, drop in milk, fever, lameness and neonates mortalities.
Outbreak 3 Hwarah, IRBID
Date of start of the outbreak 09/03/2017
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Cattle 35 3 0 0 0
Affected population The outbreak is located in Hwarah town near Irbid city. Three cows showed lesions in mouth (tongue) and foot, fever and drop in milk production. No new calves in the farm.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 3
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Sheep 1900 300 150 0 0
Goats 150 13 3 0 0
Cattle 35 3 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Sheep 15.79% 7.89% 50.00% 7.89%
Goats 8.67% 2.00% 23.08% 2.00%
Cattle 8.57% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Quarantine
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Treatment of affected animals (antibiotics)
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Animal Wealth Laboratories (National laboratory) Cattle antigen (Ag) detection ELISA 28/02/2017 Positive
Animal Wealth Laboratories (National laboratory) Goats polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 07/03/2017 Positive
Veterinary College Research Laboratory, Jordan University of Science and Technology (National laboratory) Sheep antigen (Ag) detection ELISA 09/03/2017 Positive
Veterinary College Research Laboratory, Jordan University of Science and Technology (National laboratory) Sheep polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 06/03/2017 Positive
Veterinary College Research Laboratory, Jordan University of Science and Technology (National laboratory) Sheep virus sequencing Pending
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations