Anthrax,
France
Information received on 10/04/2017 from Dr Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt, Paris, France
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 01/04/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 06/04/2017
Report date 07/04/2017
Date submitted to OIE 10/04/2017
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 01/11/2016
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Germainvilliers, Germainvilliers, HAUTE-MARNE
Date of start of the outbreak 01/04/2017
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Cattle 467 12 12 0 0
Affected population Twelve bovines died on the farm between 1st and 2nd of April 2017. A history of anthrax case dating back 2013 was reported on the same farm. Non-vaccinated bovines on the farm were immediately treated with antibiotic therapy and no other death has been reported ever since.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Cattle 467 12 12 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 2.57% 2.57% 100.00% 2.57%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Fomites (humans, vehicles, feed, etc.)
Epidemiological comments Contamination is suspected to be the result of fodder coming from a previously infected field. Investigation is ongoing.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Traceability
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Treatment of affected animals (Antibiotic therapy)
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
ANSES National laboratory for Animal health, Maisons-Alfort (National laboratory) Cattle bacteriological examination 06/04/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations