Foot and mouth disease,
Algeria
Information received on 10/04/2017 from Dr Ahmed Chawky Karim Boughalem, Directeur des Services Vétérinaires, Services Vétérinaires, Ministère de l'Agriculture du Développement Rural et de la Pêche, Alger, Algeria
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 07/04/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 09/04/2017
Report date 10/04/2017
Date submitted to OIE 10/04/2017
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype A
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (10/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (20/04/2017)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Douar Chouaouet, El Eulma, El Eulma, SETIF
Date of start of the outbreak 07/04/2017
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Cattle 2 2 0 2 0
Affected population Farm with two bovines (female veal) that presented the following clinical signs: mouth ulcers and gum erosions.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Cattle 2 2 0 2 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 100.00% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Note by the OIE Animal Health Information and Analysis Department: This report was first published as serotype SAT 1 and was later amended according to information provided in the follow-up report No. 1 published on 20 April 2017.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Stamping out
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central veterinary laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 09/04/2017 Positive
Central veterinary laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle typing ELISA 09/04/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations