Foot and mouth disease,
Algeria
Information received on 10/04/2017 from Dr Djamila Hadj Amar, Directrice des Services Vétérinaires , Services Vétérinaires, Ministère de l’Agriculture, du Développement Rural et de la Pêche, Alger, Algeria
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 07/04/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 09/04/2017
Report date 10/04/2017
Date submitted to OIE 10/04/2017
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype A
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (10/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (20/04/2017)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Douar Chouaouet, El Eulma, El Eulma, SETIF
Date of start of the outbreak 07/04/2017
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 2 2 0 2 0
Affected population Farm with two bovines (female veal) that presented the following clinical signs: mouth ulcers and gum erosions.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 2 2 0 2 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 100.00% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Note by the OIE Animal Health Information and Analysis Department: This report was first published as serotype SAT 1 and was later amended according to information provided in the follow-up report No. 1 published on 20 April 2017.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Disinfection
  • Stamping out
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central veterinary laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 09/04/2017 Positive
Central veterinary laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle typing ELISA 09/04/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations