Equine influenza,
Israel
Information received on 17/07/2017 from Dr Shlomo Garazi, Chief Officer for Import and Export of the Veterinary Services, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, BET DAGAN, Israel
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 08/06/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 15/07/2017
Report date 16/07/2017
Date submitted to OIE 17/07/2017
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 11/2013
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Equine influenza virus
Serotype H3N8
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (7)
Outbreak 1 (MA''AS) MA''AS, Petach-Tiqwa, HAMERKAZ
Date of start of the outbreak 08/06/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (29/06/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 10 10 0 0 0
Affected population 100% morbidity with mild to moderate clinical symptoms as fever, mucopurulent nasal discharge, fatigue and anorexia.
Outbreak 2 (QIDRON) QIDRON, Rehovot, HAMERKAZ
Date of start of the outbreak 15/06/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (05/07/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 20 15 0 0 0
Affected population Classic clinical symptoms.
Outbreak 3 (NEZER SERENI) NEZER SERENI, Ramala, HAMERKAZ
Date of start of the outbreak 15/06/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (03/07/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 60 30 0 0 0
Affected population Classic clinical symptoms.
Outbreak 4 (TEL SHEVA) TEL SHEVA, Beer-Sheva, HADAROM
Date of start of the outbreak 17/06/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (07/07/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 2 1 0 0 0
Affected population Classic clinical symptoms.
Outbreak 5 (NAHARIYYA) NAHARIYYA, Acco, HAZAFON
Date of start of the outbreak 17/06/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (06/07/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 1 1 0 0 0
Affected population Classic clinical symptoms.
Outbreak 6 (ZIPPORI) ZIPPORI, Yizreel, HAZAFON
Date of start of the outbreak 20/06/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (11/07/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 30 10 0 0 0
Affected population Classic clinical symptoms
Outbreak 7 (PARDES HANNA-KARKUR) PARDES HANNA-KARKUR, Hadera, HAIFA
Date of start of the outbreak 22/06/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (10/07/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 12 6 0 0 0
Affected population Classic clinical symptoms
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 7
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Equidae 135 73 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Equidae 54.07% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments A febrile disease was reported in mid-June. Nasal swabs and blood samples were collected from suspected stables. Equine influenza is not common in Israel and was not detected since 11/2013. The samples were sent for confirmation to the OIE reference laboratory.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Screening
  • Quarantine
  • Zoning
  • Disinfection
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Kimron Veterinary Institute (National laboratory) Equidae real-time PCR 26/06/2017 Positive
Irish Equine Center - Ireland (OIE Reference Laboratory) Equidae reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 15/07/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations