Foot and mouth disease,
Zimbabwe
Information received on 16/08/2017 from Dr Unesu Hildah Ushewokunze-Obatolu, Principal Director, , Department of Livestock and Veterinary Services, Harare, Zimbabwe
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 21/07/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 25/07/2017
Report date 16/08/2017
Date submitted to OIE 16/08/2017
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 14/10/2016
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype Not typed
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (16/08/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (13/09/2017)
New outbreaks (11)
Outbreak 1 Davata, Chiredzi, MASVINGO
Date of start of the outbreak 21/07/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (13/09/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1341 176 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing the same watering and grazing points.
Outbreak 2 Pesvi, Chiredzi, MASVINGO
Date of start of the outbreak 21/07/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (13/09/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 830 15 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing the same grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 3 Bubye, Mwenezi, MASVINGO
Date of start of the outbreak 22/07/2017
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1949 150 10 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing the same grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 4 Dinhe, Mwenezi, MASVINGO
Date of start of the outbreak 25/07/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (13/09/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 2285 67 15 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing the same grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 5 Taguta, Chipinge, MANICALAND
Date of start of the outbreak 25/07/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (13/09/2017)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 439 116 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing the same grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 6 Chirindi, Mwenezi, MASVINGO
Date of start of the outbreak 26/07/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (13/09/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1583 251 11 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing the same grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 7 Stage 3A, Chipinge, MANICALAND
Date of start of the outbreak 26/07/2017
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 445 27 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing the same grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 8 Vhelemu, Chiredzi, MASVINGO
Date of start of the outbreak 03/08/2017
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1500 16 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing the same grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 9 Chengwe, Mwenezi, MASVINGO
Date of start of the outbreak 03/08/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (13/09/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 2265 37 6 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing the same grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 10 Chipfugwana, Chiredzi, MASVINGO
Date of start of the outbreak 10/08/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (13/09/2017)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1047 127 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing the same grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 11 Mwambe, Mwenezi, MASVINGO
Date of start of the outbreak 16/08/2017
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1283 112 7 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing the same grazing and watering points.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 11
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 14967 1094 49 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 7.31% 0.33% 4.48% 0.33%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering
  • Contact with wild species
Epidemiological comments The outbreaks are occurring in FMD vaccination zones of the south-eastern lowveld which lies close to a national park (Gonarezhou) and wildlife conservancies. Routine vaccinations in these areas are now long overdue. Mixing of cattle and buffaloes is being exacerbated by the shortage of grazing pastures. All the infected districts have been placed under quarantine with veterinary check-points also manned by police personnel placed at strategic areas to prevent cattle movement. Inspections and community education campaigns are currently on-going.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Zoning
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle antibody detection ELISA 25/07/2017 Positive
Botswana Vaccine Institute (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle virus isolation Pending
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations