Foot and mouth disease,
Malawi
Information received on 05/09/2017 from Dr Bernard Chimera, Director of Veterinary Services, Department of Animal Health & Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, Lilongwe, Malawi
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 24/08/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 30/08/2017
Report date 05/09/2017
Date submitted to OIE 05/09/2017
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 25/03/2016
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype Pending
Nature of diagnosis Suspicion, Clinical
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (05/09/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (12/09/2017)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 (MWI/FMD/2017/01) Mthumba Dip Tank, Traditional Authority Katunga, Chikwawa, CHIKWAWA
Date of start of the outbreak 24/08/2017
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 30000 72 0 0 0
Affected population The affected population is under a communal grazing system and in a very close proximity with buffaloes that are in Lengwe National Park. There is occasional mixing of cattle and buffaloes especially when the buffaloes stray out of the park and graze with cattle. The population is within the locality that is strategically vaccinated against FMD using a trivalent FMD vaccine containing the three SAT strains (SAT1, SAT2 and SAT3).
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 30000 72 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 0.24% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments There is a strong suspicion that it originated from buffaloes found in Lengwe National Park which occasionally mix with cattle in the area.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Disinfection
  • Process to inactivate the pathogenic agent in products or by-products
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Screening
  • Traceability
  • Official destruction of animal products
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Malawi Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle ELISA 3ABC Pending
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations