Foot and mouth disease,
Bhutan
Information received on 16/09/2017 from Dr Tashi Samdup, Director General, Department of Livestock, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, Thimphu, Bhutan
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 31/03/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 04/09/2017
Report date 16/09/2017
Date submitted to OIE 16/09/2017
Date event resolved 03/10/2017
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Footh and mouth disease virus (lineage G-VII)
Serotype A
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (16/09/2017)
Follow-up report No. 1 (03/10/2017)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Quarantine Station, Samdrup Jongkhar, Samdrup Jongkhar
Date of start of the outbreak 31/03/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (03/10/2017)
Epidemiological unit Not applicable
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 42 11 11
Affected population 21 milk cattle and 21 calves were imported into the country for breeding.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 42 11 11
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 26.19% 26.19% 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Legal movement of animals
  • Animals in transit
Epidemiological comments The animals were given a supportive antibiotic treatment and released after fulfilment of the quarantine period and when they had clinically recovered from the infection as per national regulations.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
The Pirbright Institute (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle serotyping 04/09/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations