Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds),
Cyprus
Information received on 24/10/2017 from Dr Christodoulos Pipis, Acting Director, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Environment, NICOSIA, Cyprus
Summary
Report type Immediate notification (Final report)
Date of start of the event 20/09/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 23/10/2017
Report date 24/10/2017
Date submitted to OIE 24/10/2017
Date event resolved 20/09/2017
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 PARALIMNI, AMMOCHOSTOS
Date of start of the outbreak 20/09/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (20/09/2017)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae) 1 1 0 0
Affected population A dead wild bird (Buteo buteo) was submitted to the veterinary services in the framework of the avian influenza (AI) surveillance program in wild birds. On the 4th of October 2017, it was tested positive by M-gene RT-PCR (Influenza A) at the National Reference Laboratory. On the same day, RT-PCR testing was performed for the detection of H5 or H7 AI virus and it proved to be H5 positive. On the 9th of October 2017, intestinal contents and intestinal tissues were sent to the OIE Reference Laboratory for confirmation and molecular sequencing and were confirmed to be H5N8 positive on the 19th of October 2017. On the 23rd of October, molecular sequencing was completed and a cleavage site motif of PLREKRRKRGLF i.e. HPAI H5 was obtained.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae) 1 1 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard):Buteo buteo(Accipitridae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Wild bird infection
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Animal Health Laboratory (National laboratory) Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard) reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 04/10/2017 Positive
Animal and Plant Health Agency, Weybridge (OIE Reference Laboratory) Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard) nucleotide sequencing 23/10/2017 Positive
Animal and Plant Health Agency, Weybridge (OIE Reference Laboratory) Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard) reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 19/10/2017 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations