Peste des petits ruminants,
Burundi
Information received on 11/01/2018 from Dr Déogratias Nsanganiyumwami, Directeur, Santé Animale, Ministère de l'Agriculture et de l'Elevage, Gitega, Burundi
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 01/01/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 05/01/2018
Report date 09/01/2018
Date submitted to OIE 11/01/2018
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Peste des petits ruminants virus
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (09/01/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (19/01/2018)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Gitega, GITEGA
Date of start of the outbreak 01/01/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep / goats 65727 6096 3048 0 0
Affected population The affected animals are males and females of all ages. The outbreak occurred after the introduction of goats from other regions.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Sheep / goats 65727 6096 3048 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Sheep / goats 9.27% 4.64% 50.00% 4.64%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Introduction of new live animals
Epidemiological comments The animals presented the following clinical signs: coughing since the disease has started, in most cases; conjunctivitis or keratoconjunctivitis; lacrimation; nasal discharge; lesions at the corner of the lips, on the snout, eyelids, anus, or in the interdigital spaces in most cases; dull coat, muscle tremor; profuse and foul smelling diarrhea, and very high contagiousness. Affected animals die between seven and 14 days after the first signs occur.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Stamping out
  • Zoning
  • Disinfection
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National veterinary laboratory (National laboratory) Sheep / goats competitive ELISA (c-ELISA) 05/01/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations