African swine fever,
Romania
Information received on 12/01/2018 from Dr. Marius Grigore, Director, Head of Unit Animal Health Department General Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 16/12/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 11/01/2018
Report date 12/01/2018
Date submitted to OIE 12/01/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 20/11/2017
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent African swine fever virus
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (12/01/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (15/01/2018)
Follow-up report No. 2 (22/02/2018)
Follow-up report No. 3 (06/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 4 (15/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 5 (06/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 6 (12/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 7 (10/07/2018)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Micula, Micula, Satu Mare
Date of start of the outbreak 14/12/2017
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Backyard
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 34 21 13 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Swine 34 ** 21 13 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Swine ** 61.76% ** 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Pigs of different ages in a backyard get sick since December 19th, 2017. Twenty-one pigs died and 13 were culled and disposed of. Investigation on the source of virus is ongoing.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Traceability
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Stamping out
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Zoning
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Institute for Diagnostic and Animal Health (National laboratory) Swine direct immunofluorescence (DIF) test 11/01/2018 Positive
Institute for Diagnostic and Animal Health (National laboratory) Swine real-time PCR 11/01/2008 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations