Foot and mouth disease,
Nepal
Information received on 09/02/2018 from Dr Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Doctor, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Livestock Development, NEPAL, Nepal
Summary
Report type Immediate notification (Final report)
Date of start of the event 09/12/2017
Date of confirmation of the event 08/02/2018
Report date 09/02/2018
Date submitted to OIE 09/02/2018
Date event resolved 23/01/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 2013
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype Asia 1
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
This event pertains to the whole country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Phalepatan, Phalepatan, Kaski, GANDAKI
Date of start of the outbreak 09/12/2017
Outbreak status Resolved (23/01/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 15 3 0 0 0
Buffaloes 7 1 0 0 0
Affected population Lactating cattle and buffaloes were affected with symptoms like ropy salivation, lacrimation, anorexia, lameness and fever.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 15 3 0 0 0
Buffaloes 7 1 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 20.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Buffaloes 14.29% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Introduction of new live animals
Epidemiological comments The buffaloes and milking cows were purchased from traders who used to collect animals from various parts of the bordering district of the neighboring country.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    Administrative division Species Total Vaccinated Details
    GANDAKI Buffaloes 50 1 km around the farm
    Cattle 100 1 km around the farm
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Foot and Mouth Disease and Transboundary Animal Diseases Laboratory, Budanilakantha (National laboratory) Cattle antigen (Ag) detection ELISA 25/12/2017 Positive
Foot and Mouth Disease and Transboundary Animal Diseases Laboratory, Budanilakantha (National laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 25/12/2017 Positive
The Pirbright Institute, United Kingdom (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle antigen (Ag) detection ELISA 08/02/2018 Positive
The Pirbright Institute, United Kingdom (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 08/02/2018 Positive
The Pirbright Institute, United Kingdom (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle serotyping 08/02/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations