Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds),
Pakistan
Information received on 13/03/2018 from Dr Javed Iqbal Khan, Assistant Animal Husbandry Commissioner, Ministry of National Food Security and Research, Ministry of National Food Security and Research, Islamabad, Pakistan
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 26/01/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 02/02/2018
Report date 12/03/2018
Date submitted to OIE 13/03/2018
Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
Serotype H5N8
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Lahore Zoo, Lahore, Punjab
Date of start of the outbreak 26/01/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (02/02/2018)
Epidemiological unit Zoo
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Red-and-green Macaw:Ara chloropterus(Psittacidae) 5 2 2 0 0
Affected population The disease was observed in captive red-and-green macaws at the Lahore zoo.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Red-and-green Macaw:Ara chloropterus(Psittacidae) 5 2 2 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Red-and-green Macaw:Ara chloropterus(Psittacidae) 40.00% 40.00% 100.00% 40.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments The disease has been observed in captive macaws at the Lahore zoo. Movement control inside the zoo/caged area was implemented. Provincial livestock departments have been requested to scale-up field surveillance and reporting activities. The outbreak has concluded. However, general surveillance is ongoing and follow-up reports will be submitted.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Screening
  • Quarantine
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza (National laboratory) Red-and-green Macaw polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 02/02/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations