Foot and mouth disease,
Zambia
Information received on 06/04/2018 from Dr Yona Sinkala, Director, Department of Veterinary Services, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Lusaka, Zambia
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 23/03/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 24/03/2018
Report date 06/04/2018
Date submitted to OIE 06/04/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 12/2017
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype Pending
Nature of diagnosis Suspicion, Clinical
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (06/04/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (09/05/2018)
New outbreaks (2)
Outbreak 1 Chisamba Camp, Chisamba, Central
Date of start of the outbreak 23/03/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (29/06/2018)
Epidemiological unit Other
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 10000 100 0 0 0
Affected population The affected animals are dairy animals managed commercially with all ages showing clinical signs.
Outbreak 2 Chibombo, Chibombo, Central
Date of start of the outbreak 03/04/2018
Outbreak status Resolved (29/06/2018)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1000 13 0 0 0
Affected population The affected animals are dairy animals managed semi-commercially with all ages showing clinical signs.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 11000 113 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 1.03% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Five farms have been affected within Chisamba and Chibombo districts of Central Province. All affected farms have been quarantined with movement restrictions instituted in the area.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Screening
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Botswana Vaccine Institute (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) Pending
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations