Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Chinese Taipei
Information received on 12/04/2018 from Dr Tai-Hwa Shih, Chief Veterinary Officer, Deputy Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine Council of Agriculture Executive Yuan, Ministry of Agriculture, Taipei, Chinese Taipei
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 95
Date of start of the event 07/01/2015
Date of confirmation of the event 11/01/2015
Report date 09/04/2018
Date submitted to OIE 12/04/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 23/07/2014
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N2
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (12/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 1 (13/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 2 (15/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 3 (16/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 4 (19/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 5 (21/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 6 (28/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 7 (04/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 8 (11/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 9 (17/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 10 (26/02/2015)
Follow-up report No. 11 (04/03/2015)
Follow-up report No. 12 (12/03/2015)
Follow-up report No. 13 (19/03/2015)
Follow-up report No. 14 (25/03/2015)
Follow-up report No. 15 (02/04/2015)
Follow-up report No. 16 (14/04/2015)
Follow-up report No. 17 (17/04/2015)
Follow-up report No. 18 (24/04/2015)
Follow-up report No. 19 (01/05/2015)
Follow-up report No. 20 (11/05/2015)
Follow-up report No. 21 (18/05/2015)
Follow-up report No. 22 (29/05/2015)
Follow-up report No. 23 (04/06/2015)
Follow-up report No. 24 (12/06/2015)
Follow-up report No. 25 (18/06/2015)
Follow-up report No. 26 (07/07/2015)
Follow-up report No. 27 (13/07/2015)
Follow-up report No. 28 (20/07/2015)
Follow-up report No. 29 (27/07/2015)
Follow-up report No. 30 (31/07/2015)
Follow-up report No. 31 (11/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 32 (24/08/2015)
Follow-up report No. 33 (04/09/2015)
Follow-up report No. 34 (02/10/2015)
Follow-up report No. 35 (21/10/2015)
Follow-up report No. 36 (30/10/2015)
Follow-up report No. 37 (08/12/2015)
Follow-up report No. 38 (04/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 39 (15/01/2016)
Follow-up report No. 40 (02/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 41 (22/02/2016)
Follow-up report No. 42 (07/03/2016)
Follow-up report No. 43 (11/04/2016)
Follow-up report No. 44 (19/04/2016)
Follow-up report No. 45 (05/05/2016)
Follow-up report No. 46 (20/06/2016)
Follow-up report No. 47 (21/09/2016)
Follow-up report No. 48 (17/10/2016)
Follow-up report No. 49 (09/01/2017)
Follow-up report No. 50 (06/02/2017)
Follow-up report No. 51 (01/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 52 (07/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 53 (17/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 54 (20/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 55 (27/03/2017)
Follow-up report No. 56 (10/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 57 (11/04/2017)
Follow-up report No. 58 (01/05/2017)
Follow-up report No. 59 (08/05/2017)
Follow-up report No. 60 (15/05/2017)
Follow-up report No. 61 (03/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 62 (07/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 63 (16/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 64 (23/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 65 (27/06/2017)
Follow-up report No. 66 (03/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 67 (11/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 68 (17/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 69 (24/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 70 (31/07/2017)
Follow-up report No. 71 (07/08/2017)
Follow-up report No. 72 (22/08/2017)
Follow-up report No. 73 (31/08/2017)
Follow-up report No. 74 (05/09/2017)
Follow-up report No. 75 (11/10/2017)
Follow-up report No. 76 (30/10/2017)
Follow-up report No. 77 (06/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 78 (13/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 79 (20/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 80 (29/11/2017)
Follow-up report No. 81 (12/12/2017)
Follow-up report No. 82 (29/12/2017)
Follow-up report No. 83 (05/01/2018)
Follow-up report No. 84 (15/01/2018)
Follow-up report No. 85 (16/01/2018)
Follow-up report No. 86 (23/01/2018)
Follow-up report No. 87 (29/01/2018)
Follow-up report No. 88 (09/02/2018)
Follow-up report No. 89 (12/02/2018)
Follow-up report No. 90 (23/02/2018)
Follow-up report No. 91 (26/02/2018)
Follow-up report No. 92 (05/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 93 (12/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 94 (20/03/2018)
Follow-up report No. 95 (09/04/2018)
Follow-up report No. 96 (16/04/2018)
Follow-up report No. 97 (27/04/2018)
Follow-up report No. 98 (01/05/2018)
Follow-up report No. 99 (15/05/2018)
New outbreaks (5)
Outbreak 1 (2018-yl-32) Dongshi Township, Yunlin County
Date of start of the outbreak 26/03/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 2893 0 2893 0
Affected population Meat ducks(2018-yl-32)
Outbreak 2 (2018-pt-14) Yanpu Township, Pingtung County
Date of start of the outbreak 27/03/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 6799 0 6799 0
Affected population Meat ducks(2018-pt-14)
Outbreak 3 (2018-yl-29) CitongTownship, Yunlin County
Date of start of the outbreak 28/03/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 16902 1310 1310 15592 0
Affected population Layer hens(2018-yl-29)
Outbreak 4 (2018-yl-30) Taixi Township, Yunlin County
Date of start of the outbreak 30/03/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 1133 159 159 974 0
Affected population Meat geese(2018-yl-30)
Outbreak 5 (2018-yl-31) Sihu Township, Yunlin County
Date of start of the outbreak 02/04/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 304 0 304 0
Affected population Meat geese(2018-yl-31)
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 5
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Birds 28031 1469 ** 1469 26562 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds ** 5.24% ** 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Samples from Yunlin County and Pingtung County were sent to the National Laboratory, Animal Health Research Institute (AHRI) for diagnosis. Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N2 subtype was confirmed by AHRI. The infected farms have been placed under movement restriction. All animals on the infected farms have been culled. Thorough cleaning and disinfection have been conducted after stamping out operation. Surrounding poultry farms within 3 km radius of the infected farms are under intensified surveillance for three months.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Disinfection / Disinfestation
  • Screening
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Stamping out
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Birds gene sequencing 31/03/2018 Positive
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Birds gene sequencing 02/04/2018 Positive
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Birds gene sequencing 05/04/2018 Positive
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Birds gene sequencing 06/04/2018 Positive
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 30/03/2018 Positive
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 01/04/2018 Positive
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 04/04/2018 Positive
Animal Health Research Institute (National laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 05/04/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations