Foot and mouth disease,
China (People's Rep. of)
Information received on 13/04/2018 from Dr Zhang Zhongqui, Director General , China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China (People's Rep. of)
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 22/03/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 11/04/2018
Report date 13/04/2018
Date submitted to OIE 13/04/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 07/2010
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype O
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (13/04/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (21/04/2018)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Linxia, Gansu
Date of start of the outbreak 22/03/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Livestock market
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 35 2 0 35 0
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 35 2 0 35 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 5.71% 0.00% 0.00% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Legal movement of animals
Epidemiological comments Infected cattle were transported from Linxia county to Hami city, in the neighbouring province of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Traceability
  • Quarantine
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Stamping out
  • Disinfection
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Lanzhou National Reference Laboratory for Foot and Mouth Disease (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle gene sequencing 11/04/2018 Positive
Lanzhou National Reference Laboratory for Foot and Mouth Disease (OIE Reference Laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 11/04/2018 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations