Foot and mouth disease,
Malawi
Information received on 01/06/2018 from Dr Patrick Chikungwa, Director of Department of Animal Health and Livestock Development, Department of Animal Health and Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation an Water Development, LILONGWE, Malawi
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 24/05/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 24/05/2018
Report date 01/06/2018
Date submitted to OIE 01/06/2018
Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 24/08/2017
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype Pending
Nature of diagnosis Suspicion, Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (01/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (23/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 2 (09/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 3 (07/08/2018)
Follow-up report No. 4 (05/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 5 (17/09/2018)
Follow-up report No. 6 (28/09/2018)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Feremu village, Traditional Authority Mlauli, Neno, Southern
Date of start of the outbreak 24/05/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 44000 164 0 0 0
Affected population Communal cattle sharing common grazing area and watering points. The initial cases were observed in cattle close to the Majete game reserve which has buffaloes.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 44000 164 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 0.37% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Investigation still on going to establish the extent of spread; follow-up reports to be furnished.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Disinfection
  • Process to inactivate the pathogenic agent in products or by-products
  • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
  • Screening
  • Traceability
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle ELISA 3ABC Pending
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations